Anthony Eden

Eden, Anthony, 1st earl of Avon

Anthony Eden, 1st earl of Avon (ā´vən), 1897–1977, British statesman. After service in World War I he attended Oxford and entered (1923) Parliament as a Conservative. He soon made his mark as a champion of peace, internationalism, and the League of Nations and was made lord privy seal (1934–35) and "traveling ambassador." He served (1935) as British minister for League affairs and became foreign minister in 1935. He resigned in Feb., 1938, because of his opposition to Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement of the Axis powers, but at the beginning (1939) of World War II he was called back to the cabinet as secretary of state for dominion affairs. After Winston Churchill became (May, 1940) prime minister, Eden was briefly secretary of war before returning to the foreign office in Dec., 1940. He was instrumental in concluding the wartime Anglo-Soviet Alliance and in establishing the United Nations. He remained in Parliament under the Labour government of 1945–51, and with the Conservative victory of 1951 he returned once more to the foreign office. As chairman of the 1954 Geneva Conference, he helped to negotiate a temporary settlement of the conflict in Indochina. He was knighted in 1954 and became prime minister upon Churchill's resignation in 1955. Eden's decision to use armed intervention in the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 provoked great controversy. His health collapsed, and he resigned in Jan., 1957. He was raised to the peerage as earl of Avon in 1961.

See his three volumes of memoirs, Full Circle (1960), Facing the Dictators, 1923–1938 (1962), and The Reckoning (1965); study by G. McDermott (1969); biographies by R. R. James (1986) and D. Carlton (1981).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Anthony Eden: Selected full-text books and articles

Suez Reconsidered: Anthony Eden's Orientalism and the Suez Crisis By Braun, Lindsay Frederick The Historian, Vol. 65, No. 3, Spring 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Formation and Perception of the Modern Arab World By Marwan R. Buheiry; Lawrence I. Conrad Darwin Press, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Anthony Eden and the Arabs: The Failure of a Policy"
Facing Fascism: The Conservative Party and the European Dictators, 1935-1940 By N. J. Crowson Routledge, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "End of the Honeymoon: Eden's Resignation" begins on p. 84
Rolling the Iron Dice: Historical Analogies and Decisions to Use Military Force in Regional Contingencies By Scot Macdonald Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Anthony Eden begins on p. 113
Between Churchill and Stalin: The Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the Origins of the Grand Alliance By Steven Merritt Miner University of North Carolina Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Anthony Eden begins on p. 184
Hong Kong, Empire and the Anglo-American Alliance at War, 1941-45 By Andrew J. Whitfield Palgrave, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Anthony Eden begins on p. 85
The Commonwealth and Suez: A Documentary Survey By James Eayrs Oxford University Press, 1964
Biographical Dictionary of World War II By Mark M. Boatner III Presidio Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Eden, (Robert) Anthony" begins on p. 147
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