glasnost (gläs´nōst), Soviet cultural and social policy of the late 1980s. Following his ascension to the leadership of the USSR in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev began to promote a policy of openness in public discussions about current and historical problems. The policy was termed glasnost [openness]. The brutality of the Stalin era, such as the great purges and the Katyn massacre, were acknowledged, and the corruption and stagnation of the Brezhnev era were sharply criticized. Soviet leaders became more receptive both to the media and to foreign leaders as a new period of detente opened between East and West. Gorbachev hoped that a candidness about the state of the country would accelerate his perestroika program.

See M. Gorbachev, Perestroika (1988); E. A. Hewett and V. H. Winston, ed., Milestones in Glasnost and Perestroyka (1991).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Glasnost: Selected full-text books and articles

Milestones in Glasnost and Perestroyka: The Economy By Ed A. Hewett; Victor H. Winston Brookings Institution, 1991
Glasnost, Perestroika, and the Socialist Community By Charles Bukowski; J. Richard Walsh Praeger Publishers, 1990
Glasnost Reconsidered By D'Agostino, Anthony The National Interest, No. 149, May-June 2017
Politics, Diplomacy, and the Media: Gorbachev's Legacy in the West By Anthony R. DeLuca Praeger Publishers, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Glasnost: The Media and The Formation of a New Political Culture"
Women's Glasnost vs. Naglost: Stopping Russian Backlash By Tatyana Mamonova; Chandra Folsom Niles Bergin & Garvey, 1994
The Last Years of the Soviet Empire: Snapshots from 1985-1991 By Vladimir Shlapentokh; Neil F. O'Donnell Praeger Publishers, 1993
Perestroika: A Comparative Perspective By Avraham Shama Praeger Publishers, 1992
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "A Comparative Perspective on Perestroika and Glasnost in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe"
Openness and Foreign Policy Reform in Communist States By Gerald Segal; Judy Batt; Barry Buzan; Peter J. S. Duncan; David S. G. Goodman; Adrian Hyde-Price; Margot Light; John Phipps; Michael C. Williams; Brantly Womack Routledge, 1992
A Poet's View of Glasnost; Revolution by Culture By Voznesenskii, Andrei The Nation, Vol. 244, June 13, 1987
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