perestroika (pər´ĕstroy´kə), Soviet economic and social policy of the late 1980s. Perestroika [restructuring] was the term attached to the attempts (1985–91) by Mikhail Gorbachev to transform the stagnant, inefficient command economy of the Soviet Union into a decentralized market-oriented economy. Industrial managers and local government and party officials were granted greater autonomy, and open elections were introduced in an attempt to democratize the Communist party organization. By 1991, perestroika was on the wane, and after the failed August Coup of 1991 was eclipsed by the collapse of the Soviet Union, the establishment of the Russian Federation, and other dramatic political, legal, and economic changes.

See M. Gorbachev, Perestroika (1988); E. A. Hewett and V. H. Winston, ed., Milestones in Glasnost and Perestroyka (1991).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Perestroika: Selected full-text books and articles

Perestroika: A Comparative Perspective
Avraham Shama.
Praeger Publishers, 1992
Glasnost, Perestroika, and the Socialist Community
Charles Bukowski; J. Richard Walsh.
Praeger Publishers, 1990
Conversations with Gorbachev: On Perestroika, the Prague Spring, and the Crossroads of Socialism
Mikhail Gorbachev; Zdenek Mlynar; George Shriver.
Columbia University Press, 2002
Perestroika-Era Politics: The New Soviet Legislature and Gorbachev's Political Reforms
Robert T. Huber; Donald R. Kelley.
M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1991
Milestones in Glasnost and Perestroyka: The Economy
Ed A. Hewett; Victor H. Winston.
Brookings Institution, 1991
Soviet Society under Perestroika
David Lane.
Routledge, 1992
Perestroika and International Law: Current Anglo-Soviet Approaches to International Law
Anthony Carty; Gennady Danilenko.
Edinburgh University Press, 1990
The U.S.S.R. and the World Economy: Challenges for the Global Integration of Soviet Markets under Perestroika
Deborah Anne Palmieri.
Praeger, 1992
Hard Times: Impoverishment and Protest in the Perestroika Years: the Soviet Union 1985-1991
William Moskoff.
M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1993
What Went Wrong with Perestroika
Marshall I. Goldman.
W. W. Norton, 1991
Why Perestroika Failed: The Politics and Economics of Socialist Transformation
Peter J. Boettke.
Routledge, 1993
Return to the Nep: The False Promise of Leninism and the Failure of Perestroika
Oscar J. Bandelin.
Praeger, 2002
Russian Corporate Capitalism from Peter the Great to Perestroika
Thomas C. Owen.
Oxford University Press, 1995
Politics, Diplomacy, and the Media: Gorbachev's Legacy in the West
Anthony R. DeLuca.
Praeger Publishers, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Perestroika and the Revival of Soviet Politics"
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