Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan (mō´shə dīän´, däyän´), 1915–81, Israeli military leader, b. Palestine. After attending Senior Agricultural School in Nahalal, Dayan fought with the Haganah (Jewish militia) throughout the 1930s and with the British Army during World War II. He lost an eye in battle in 1941, necessitating the eye patch that became his trademark. As Israel's chief of staff (1953–58), he established a reputation as a military strategist by directing the 1956 Sinai campaign against Egypt. Dayan then served as minister of agriculture (1959–64). Appointed minister of defense in 1967, his reputation was enhanced by Israel's military success in the Six-Day War (1967). Despite his increasing influence in foreign affairs, he was blamed for Israel's unpreparedness in the 1973 October War and resigned (May, 1974) with Golda Meir. In 1977 Dayan became foreign minister under Menachem Begin and was largely responsible for successful negotiations that led to the Camp David accords with Egypt.

See his autobiography (1976); account by his daughter Yael Dayan, My Father, His Daughter (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Moshe Dayan: Selected full-text books and articles

From Diplomacy to Resistance; a History of Jewish Palestine, 1930-1945 By Yehuda Bauer Jewish Publication Society, 1970
Librarian's tip: "The 'Palestine Scheme': The 'Private Network' of Moshe Dayan" begins on p. 168
Israel's Border Wars, 1949-1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War By Benny Morris Clarendon Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Moshe Dayan begins on p. 240
The United States and the State of Israel By David Schoenbaum Oxford University Press, 1993
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Moshe Dayan begins on p. 262
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