Moshe Sharett

Moshe Sharett (mō´shə shərĕt´), 1894–1965, Israeli statesman, b. Russia, originally named Shertok. In 1906 he emigrated to Palestine where he was active in the labor movement. In 1933 he became head of the political department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. Sharett was David Ben-Gurion's closest associate in the struggle for an independent Jewish state. In 1948 he was appointed foreign minister of Israel and from 1953 to 1955 served as prime minister. He resigned from the government in 1956. Sharet sought to strengthen Israel's position by statesmanship rather than confrontation, emphasizing "caution" rather than "courage." His replacement as premier by Ben-Gurion in 1955 and retirement in 1956 reflected the movement in Israel toward confrontation that resulted in the 1956 Arab-Israeli War.

See biography by M. Z. Rosensaft (1966).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Moshe Sharett: Selected full-text books and articles

Israel's Border Wars, 1949-1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War By Benny Morris Clarendon Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. 10 "Sharett's Year, 1954"
Intelligence Intervention in the Politics of Democratic States: The United States, Israel, and Britain By Uri Bar-Joseph Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: "Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sharett" begins on p. 228
Syria and Israel: From War to Peacemaking By Moshe Ma'oz Clarendon Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: "Israeli Attitudes and Actions: Ben-Gurion vs. Sharett" begins on p. 45
Israel and the Western Powers, 1952-1960 By Zach Levey University of North Carolina Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Moshe Sharett begins on p. 15
Wholesale Terrorism Escalates: The Threat of Genocide By Herman, Edward S Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ), Spring-Summer 2002
The Politics of Partition, 1921-1951: King Abdullah, the Zionists, and Palestine By Avi Shlaim Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: "Sharett's Visit to Shuneh" begins on p. 329
Redefining Security in the Middle East By Tami Amanda Jacoby; Brent E. Sasley Manchester University Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: "The Consolidation of Israeli Militarism: David Ben-Gurion v. Moshe Sharett" begins on p. 44
Who's Who in Jewish History: After the Period of the Old Testament By Joan Comay Routledge, 2002 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: "Sharett (Shertok), Moshe" begins on p. 334
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