Middle East History

Middle East

Middle East, term traditionally applied by western Europeans to the countries of SW Asia and NE Africa lying W of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Thus defined it includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. The area was viewed as midway between Europe and East Asia (traditionally called the Far East). The term is sometimes used in a cultural sense to mean the group of lands in that part of the world predominantly Islamic in culture, thus including the remaining states of N Africa as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the 20th cent. the Middle East has been the scene of political turmoil and major warfare, including World War I, World War II, the Arab-Israeli Wars, the Iran-Iraq War and the Persian Gulf Wars.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Middle East History: Selected full-text books and articles

The Modern Middle East: A Political History since the First World War By Mehran Kamrava University of California Press, 2013 (3rd edition)
A Concise History of the Middle East By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr Westview Press, 1999 (6th edition)
A History of the Modern Middle East By William L. Cleveland Westview Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958 By D. K. Fieldhouse Oxford University Press, 2006
The Shaping of the Modern Middle East By Bernard Lewis Oxford University Press, 1994
The Pre-Islamic Middle East By Martin Sicker Praeger Publishers, 2000
The Cold War and the Middle East By Yezid Sayigh; Avi Shlaim Clarendon Press, 1997
The Modern Middle East: A Sourcebook for History By Camron Michael Amin; Benjamin C. Fortna; Elizabeth Frierson Oxford University Press, 2006
Is There a Middle East? The Evolution of a Geopolitical Concept By Michael E. Bonine; Abbas Amanat; Michael Ezekiel Gasper Stanford University Press, 2012
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