Intifada

Intifada (Ĭntēfă´dĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term "intifada" has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel Sharon to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Intifada: Selected full-text books and articles

Intifada: Palestine at the Crossroads By Jamal R. Nassar; Roger Heacock Praeger, 1990
Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising against Israeli Occupation By Zachary Lockman; Joel Beinin South End Press, 1989
Palestine and the Palestinians By Samih K. Farsoun; Christina E. Zacharia Westview Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Six "Palestinian Resistance to Israeli Occupation: The Intifada"
Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993 By Yezid Sayigh Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 25 "Intifada to the Rescue: The Making of a Revolt"
Countdown to Statehood: Palestinian State Formation in the West Bank and Gaza By Hillel Frisch State University of New York Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The Intifada and State Building"
The 'Al-Aqsa Intifada' as a Result of Politics of Transition By Schulz, Helena Lindholm Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ), Vol. 24, No. 4, Fall 2002
By Any Name Illegal and Immoral By Stein, Yael Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 17, No. 1, April 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Interviews with Mothers of Martyrs of the AQSA Intifada By Habiballah, Nahed Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ), Vol. 26, No. 1, Winter 2004
The Intifada and Its Impact on the Banking System in the State of Israel By Levine, Philip American Economist, Vol. 37, No. 1, Spring 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Middle East from the Iran-Contra Affair to the Intifada By Robert O. Freedman Syracuse University Press, 1991
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