Baron Friedrich von Steuben

Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von

Friedrich Wilhelm Steuben, Baron von (styōō´bən, Ger. frē´drĬkh vĬl´hĕlm bärōn´ fən shtoi´bən), 1730–94, Prussian army officer, general in the American Revolution, b. Magdeburg. He served in the Seven Years War and was a general staff officer. In 1762 he became an aide to Frederick the Great. Later, he was court chamberlain for the prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. After leaving the prince's service he met (1777) Benjamin Franklin in Paris and was given letters of introduction to George Washington. Arriving in America, Steuben served with Washington at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778. He undertook the training of the Continental army, molding it into a powerful striking force. Congress made him army inspector general in May, 1778. The effect of Steuben's training was seen at the battle of Monmouth (June, 1778), when American forces who had begun the retreat under orders from Charles Lee rallied against the British on Washington's arrival. Steuben commanded in the trenches at Yorktown. He was later granted a pension by Congress and large tracts of land by various states.

See biographies by J. B. Doyle (1913, repr. 1970) and J. M. Palmer (1937, repr. 1966).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Baron Friedrich von Steuben: Selected full-text books and articles

General Von Steuben By John McAuley Palmer Yale University Press, 1937
FREE! The German Element in the War of American Independence By George Washington Greene Hurd & Houghton, 1876
Librarian's tip: "Baron von Steuben" begins on p. 11
FREE! The American Revolution By John Fiske Houghton Mifflin, vol.2, 1891
Librarian's tip: Chap. X "Monmouth and Newport"
FREE! The Administration of the American Revolutionary Army By Louis Clinton Hatch Longmans Green and Co., 1904
Librarian's tip: Chap. IV "Foreign Officers"
The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789 By Robert Middlekauff Oxford University Press, 1985
Librarian's tip: Chap. 17 "The Revolution Becomes a European War"
School of the Citizen Soldier: Adapted from the Educational Program of the Second Army, Lieutenant General Ben Lear, Commanding By Robert A. Griffin; Ronald M. Shaw D. Appleton-Century Company, 1942
Librarian's tip: "Training and Handling A People's Army" begins on p. 173
Jefferson, War and Peace, 1776 to 1784 By Marie Kimball Coward-McCann, 1947
Librarian's tip: Chap. VII "The Burdens of State" and Chap. IX "Phillips and Cornwallis"
Alexander Hamilton: the Revolutionary Years By Broadus Mitchell; North Callahan Thomas Y. Crowell, 1970
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6: "Prussian Discipline with a Difference"
Nathanael Greene: Strategist of the American Revolution By Theodore Thayer Twayne Publishers, 1960
Librarian's tip: Chap. Twelve "An Unexpected Victory"
Special News Releases Relation to the Life and Time of George Washington By United States George Washington Bicentennial Commission George Washington Bicentennial Commission, vol.1, 1932
Librarian's tip: "Von Steuben Revived Ragged Continentals" begins on p. 430 and "Honoring Von Steuben's Memory" begins on p. 432
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