Jeffery Amherst

Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron

Jeffery Amherst Amherst, Baron (ăm´ərst), 1717–97, British army officer. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and in the early part of the Seven Years War. In 1758 he was sent to America as a major general to lead the Louisburg campaign in the last of the French and Indian Wars. The capture (1758) of the French fortress gave Britain her first important victory in the war, and Amherst replaced James Abercromby as supreme commander in America. The next year (1759), pushing northward from Albany, he took Crown Point and Ticonderoga, but he arrived too late to help General Wolfe take Quebec. He directed (1760) the capture of Montreal and returned (1763) to England. In the American Revolution, Amherst refused to command British troops in New England, but in 1778 he became commander in chief of home defenses. Amherst, for whom Amherst and Amherst College is named, was created baron in 1776 and was made a field marshal in 1796.

See his journal (ed. by J. C. Webster, 1931); biography by J. C. Long (1933).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Jeffery Amherst: Selected full-text books and articles

Lord Jeffery Amherst, a Soldier of the King By J. C. Long The Macmillan Company, 1933
The War for America: 1775-1783 By Piers Mackesy University of Nebraska Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Lord Amherst begins on p. 180
The First Global War: Britain, France, and the Fate of North America, 1756-1775 By William R. Nester Praeger Publishers, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Amherst" begins on p. 200
The French and Indian War By Alfred A. Cave Greenwood Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jeffery Amherst begins on p. 100
Century of Conflict: The Struggle Between the French and British in Colonial America By Joseph Lister Rutledge Doubleday, 1956
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXVII "Now the King Can Sleep"
Pontiac: Local Warrior or Pan-Indian Leader? By Middleton, Richard Michigan Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, Fall 2006
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Historical Dictionary of the British Empire By James S. Olson; Robert S. Shadle Greenwood Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jeffery Amherst begins on p. 36
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