Appomattox Campaign


Appomattox (ăpəmăt´əks), town (1990 pop. 1,707), seat of Appomattox co., central Va.; inc. 1925. Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at nearby Appomattox Courthouse on Apr. 9, 1865. After Gen. Philip Sheridan's victory over the Confederates at Five Forks on Apr. 1, Lee abandoned Petersburg and Richmond and retreated westward. Grant pursued, pressing Lee's flank and rear, while Sheridan cut off further retreat at Appomattox Courthouse. Severed from supplies and surrounded by Union forces, Lee was forced to surrender. This marked the virtual end of the war, as the remaining Confederate armies, on hearing of Lee's act, followed suit. The site has been made a national historical park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Appomattox Campaign: Selected full-text books and articles

Lee's Last Retreat: The Flight to Appomattox By William Marvel University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Lee's Tar Heels: The Pettigrew-Kirkland-Macrae Brigade By Earl J. Hess University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: Chap. 13 "The Road to Appomattox"
Bohemian Brigade: Civil War Newsmen in Action By Louis M. Starr Knopf, 1954
Librarian's tip: Chap. XIII "Appomattox and After"
The Passing of the Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Based upon Personal Reminiscences of the Fifth Army Corps By Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. VI "Appomattox"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
A Place Called Appomattox By William Marvel University of North Carolina Press, 2000
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