Agent Orange

Agent Orange,herbicide used by U.S. forces during the Vietnam War to expose enemy guerrilla forces in forested areas. Agent Orange contains varying amounts of dioxin. Exposure to the defoliant has been linked with chemical acne, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, soft-tissue sarcoma, and hairy-cell leukemia. Many soldiers were exposed to Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. Afflicted veterans brought a class-action suit against manufacturers of Agent Orange, which was settled out of court by the establishment of a fund to compensate them and their families for any disabilities. That settlement, however, covered only those who became ill by 1994 and, as a result of a 2003 Supreme Court decision, veterans who became ill after 1994 can sue the herbicide's manufacturers. The herbicide has also been blamed for a significantly higher than normal rate of birth defects in areas of Vietnam that were sprayed; tests have shown persistent high levels of dioxin in the local environment and in people living there. Since 2006 the United States and Vietnam have worked together on problems in Vietnam resulting from the herbicide's use.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Agent Orange: Selected full-text books and articles

The Case of Agent Orange By Palmer, Michael G Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 29, No. 1, April 2007
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Agent Orange on Trial: Mass Toxic Disasters in the Courts By Peter H. Schuck Belknap-Harvard University Press, 1987 (Enlarged edition)
Serving America's Veterans: A Reference Handbook By Lawrence J. Korb; Sean E. Duggan; Peter M. Juul; Max A. Bergmann Praeger Security International, 2009
As War Memories Fade, Vietnam Battles Agent Orange Legacy By Hoang, Lien Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA), May 3, 2015
The Persisting Poison; Agent Orange in Vietnam By Korn, Peter The Nation, Vol. 252, No. 13, April 8, 1991
Vets Suspect Agent Orange Dangers Passed Down to Kids By Smith, Craig Tribune-Review/Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 10, 2010
A Time for Peace: The Legacy of the Vietnam War By Robert D. Schulzinger Oxford University Press, 2006
Agent Orange's Forgotten Victims By Casten, Liane Clorfene The Nation, Vol. 253, No. 15, November 4, 1991
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