conquistador (kŏnkwĬs´tədôr, Span. kōng-kē´stäŧħôr´), military leader in the Spanish conquest of the New World in the 16th cent. Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of Peru, and Hernán Cortés, the conqueror of Mexico, were the greatest of the conquistadors. The name is frequently used to mean any daring, ruthless adventurer.

See P. Horgan, Conquistadors in North American History (1963); F. A. Kirkpatrick, The Spanish Conquistadores (2d ed. 1967).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Conquistadors: Selected full-text books and articles

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest
Matthew Restall.
Oxford University Press, 2003
The Rule of Empires: Those Who Built Them, Those Who Endured Them, and Why They Always Fall
Timothy H. Parsons.
Oxford University Press, 2010
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Spanish Peru"
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Donald E. Chipman; Harriett Denise Joseph.
University of Texas Press, 2010 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Explorers and Conquistadors, 1519–1543"
The Coronado Expedition to Tierra Nueva: The 1540-1542 Route across the Southwest
Richard Flint; Shirley Cushing Flint.
University Press of Colorado, 2004
Moctezuma's Children: Aztec Royalty under Spanish Rule, 1520-1700
Donald E. Chipman.
University of Texas Press, 2005
Spanish Central America: A Socioeconomic History, 1520-1720
Murdo J. Macleod.
University of Texas Press, 2008
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "The Central American Background and Conquest"
Hernan Cortes: Virtu vs Fortuna
Almazan, Marco A.
Journal of American Culture (Malden, MA), Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer 1997
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Hernando de Soto Expedition: History, Historiography, and "Discovery" in the Southeast
Patricia Galloway.
University of Nebraska Press, 1997
The Heritage of the Conquistadors: Ruling Classes in Central America from the Conquest to the Sandinistas
Richard E. Greenleaf; Samuel Z. Stone.
University of Nebraska Press, 1990
The Golden Dream: Seekers of El Dorado
Robert Silverberg.
Ohio University Press, 1996
Conquistador in Chains: Cabeza de Vaca and the Indians of the Americas
David A. Howard.
University of Alabama Press, 1997
The Origins of Violence in Mexican Society
Christina Jacqueline Johns.
Praeger Publishers, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Warfare in the Age of the Conquistador"
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