Cuzco, Peru History


Cuzco or Cusco (both: kōō´skō), city (1993 pop. 97,466), alt. 11,207 ft (3,416 m), capital of Cuzco dept., S Peru, at the confluence of the Huatanay and Tullamayo rivers. Its population is predominantly native. It is a transportation hub and a trading center for agricultural produce and for woolen textiles produced in the Cuzco mills. It also has a large tourist industry, based on its proximity to many ancient Inca sites. According to legend, Cuzco was founded by Manco Capac, first of the Inca rulers. The city had massive palaces and temples (most notably the Temple of the Sun, now the site of a Dominican convent), which were lavishly decorated with gold medallions and ornaments. When Francisco Pizarro entered the city in 1533, it was plundered; and on its ruins the conquerors and their descendants built the colonial city, using the ancient walls (many of which are still visible) as foundations for new buildings. The cathedral and church of La Merced is the most notable of Cuzco's many churches. A severe earthquake in 1950 destroyed much of the city, but most of the historic buildings have been restored. The National Univ. of Cuzco is in the city; nearby are the ruins of the Inca fortress Sacsahuamán.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Cuzco, Peru History: Selected full-text books and articles

The Incas of Peru By Clements Markham Ams Press, 1969
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Cuzco, Peru history in multiple chapters
The Ancient Civilizations of Peru By John Alden Mason Penguin Books, 1957
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Cuzco, Peru history in multiple chapters
Habsburg Peru: Images, Imagination and Memory By Peter T. Bradley; David Cahill Liverpool University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Part II "The Inca and Inca Symbolism in Popular Festive Culture: The Religious Processions of Seventeenth-Century Cuzco"
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