Cuzco, Peru History


Cuzco or Cusco (both: kōō´skō), city (1993 pop. 97,466), alt. 11,207 ft (3,416 m), capital of Cuzco dept., S Peru, at the confluence of the Huatanay and Tullamayo rivers. Its population is predominantly of indigenous descent. It is a transportation hub and a trading center for agricultural produce and for woolen textiles produced in the Cuzco mills. It also has a large tourist industry, based on its proximity to many ancient Inca sites. According to legend, Cuzco was founded by Manco Capac, first of the Inca rulers. The city had massive palaces and temples (most notably the Temple of the Sun, now the site of a Dominican convent), which were lavishly decorated with gold medallions and ornaments. When Francisco Pizarro entered the city in 1533, it was plundered; and on its ruins the conquerors and their descendants built the colonial city, using the ancient walls (many of which are still visible) as foundations for new buildings. An earthquake in 1650 destroyed much of the city, and many of the city's notable Baroque buildings were built in subsequent years. The cathedral and the churches of the Society of Jesus and of La Merced are the most notable of Cuzco's many churches. A severe earthquake in 1950 destroyed much of the city, but most of the historic buildings have been restored. The National Univ. of Cuzco is in the city, as are many art, history, and other museums; nearby are the ruins of the Inca fortress Sacsahuamán.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Cuzco, Peru History: Selected full-text books and articles

Ancient Cuzco: Heartland of the Inca By Brian S. Bauer University of Texas Press, 2004
Cusco: Urbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World By Ian Farrington University Press of Florida, 2013
The Andes: A Cultural History By Jason Wilson Oxford University Press, 2009
Librarian's tip: "Cuzco: Navel of the World" begins on p. 15
The Incas of Peru By Clements Markham Ams Press, 1969
Librarian's tip: Includes discussion of Cuzco in multiple chapters
The Ancient Civilizations of Peru By John Alden Mason Penguin Books, 1957
Librarian's tip: Includes discussion of Cuzco in multiple chapters
Death and Conversion in the Andes: Lima and Cuzco, 1532-1670 By van Deusen, Nancy F The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 97, No. 4, October 2011
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Habsburg Peru: Images, Imagination and Memory By Peter T. Bradley; David Cahill Liverpool University Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: Part II "The Inca and Inca Symbolism in Popular Festive Culture: The Religious Processions of Seventeenth-Century Cuzco"
Three Artists of Cuzco: Three Centuries of Colonial Art By Stroessner, Bob; Dewalt, Teddy Americas (English Edition), Vol. 42, No. 2, March-April 1990
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