Anne Hutchinson

Anne Hutchinson, c.1591–1643, religious leader in New England, b. Anne Marbury in Lincolnshire, England. She emigrated (1634) with her husband and family to Massachusetts Bay, where her brilliant mind and her kindness won admiration and a following. The informal discussions at her home gave scope to Puritan intellects, but her espousal of the covenant of grace as opposed to the covenant of works (i.e., she tended to believe that faith alone was necessary to salvation) and her claim that she could identify the elect among the colonists caused John Cotton, John Winthrop, and other former friends to view her as an antinomian heretic. She defied them, was tried by the General Court, and was sentenced (1637) to banishment for "traducing the ministers." Several of her followers—including William Coddington, John Wheelwright, John Underhill, and John Clarke—also left Massachusetts Bay. After helping Coddington to found the present Portsmouth, R.I., she quarreled with him and, with Samuel Gorton, ousted him in 1639. After Coddington's return to power, she moved (1642) to Long Island and then to what is now Pelham Bay Park in New York City. There she and all the other members of her family but one were killed by Native Americans.

See W. K. Rugg, Unafraid (1930, repr. 1970); E. J. Battis, Saints and Sectaries (1962); F. J. Bremer, Anne Hutchinson (1981); A. S. Lang, Prophetic Woman: Anne Hutchinson and the Problem of Dissent in the Literature of New England (1987); E. LaPlante, American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans (2004).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Anne Hutchinson: Selected full-text books and articles

Unafraid: A Life of Anne Hutchinson By Winnifred King Rugg Houghton Mifflin, 1930
Governing the Tongue: The Politics of Speech in Early New England By Jane Kamensky Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. Three "The Misgovernment of Woman's Tongue"
Dictionary of Heresy Trials in American Christianity By George H. Shriver Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: "Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643)" begins on p. 177
Puritanism in America, 1620-1750 By Everett Emerson Twayne Publishers, 1977
Librarian's tip: "Anne Hutchinson" begins on p. 72
Understanding The Scarlet Letter: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents By Claudia Durst Johnson Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Anne Hutchinson and Hester Prynne"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Herstory: A Woman's View of American History By June Sochen Alfred Publishing, 1974
Librarian's tip: Chap. Three "The Defiant Ones 1600-1775"
Transgressing the Bounds: Subversive Enterprises among the Puritan Elite in Massachusetts, 1630-1692 By Louise A. Breen Oxford University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "The Antinomian Moment: A Contest of Cultures in Puritan Massachusetts"
Martyrs' Mirror: Persecution and Holiness in Early New England By Adrian Chastain Weimer Oxford University Press, 2011
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Performances of Martyrdom in the Antinomian Controversy"
The Making of an American Thinking Class: Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts By Darren Staloff Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Antinomianism Defeated"
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