Mitt Romney

Mitt Romney (Willard Mitt Romney) (rŏm´nē), 1947–, American politician and business executive, b. Detroit, Mich., grad. Brigham Young Univ. (B.A., 1971), Harvard (M.B.A., 1975, J.D., 1975). Son of George W. Romney, he worked for Bain and Co., a Boston investment firm, serving as vice president (1978–84) and CEO and chairman (1991–93). From 1984 to 1998 he was at Bain Capital, a related investment firm he cofounded and headed. In 1994 he ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. Following a scandal involving bribery in the awarding of the 2002 Winter Olympics to Salt Lake City, Romney was brought in to head the organizing committee (1999–2002); he reduced severe cost overruns and secured numerous corporate sponsors. He capitalized on his success in managing the Olympics to run for governor of Massachusetts, serving for one term (2003–7). In 2007–8 Romney ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination; his Mormon faith was an issue in some primaries. In 2012, however, he secured the Republican presidential nomination. Romney, the first Mormon to win a major party nomination for president, and his running mate Paul Ryan lost to the incumbents, Obama and Biden, in the general election. In the 2016 Republican presidential primary season, Romney denounced the candidacy of Donald Trump and campaigned against him. In 2018 Romney became a candidate for the U.S. Senate from Utah.

See biographies by R. B. Scott (2011) and M. Kranish and S. Helman (2012).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Mitt Romney: Selected full-text books and articles

Electing the President, 2012: The Insiders' View By Kathleen Hall Jamieson University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013
Obama and Romney: The Path to the Presidency By Decker, Jon Policy Review, Vol. 174, August-September 2012
Don't Be Deceived by the Myth of Mitt Romney's Moderation By Hasan, Mehdi New Statesman (1996), Vol. 140, No. 5075, October 17, 2011
Can Mitt Make the Sale? By Romano, Andrew Newsweek, Vol. 158, No. 14, October 3, 2011
Republican Frontrunner Mitt Romney Touts Neoconservative Foreign Policy By Lobe, Jim Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Vol. 30, No. 9, December 2011
Before Politics, Romney Was a Mormon Bishop By Stack, Peggy Fletcher The Christian Century, Vol. 129, No. 9, May 2, 2012
Mitt Romney, Hero of Finance By Starr, Paul The American Prospect, Vol. 23, No. 2, March 2012
Leviathan's Reach? the Impact of Political Consultants on the Outcomes of the 2012 Republican Presidential Primaries and Caucuses By Cain, Sean A Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 45, No. 1, March 2015
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