Choctaw Indians

Choctaw

Choctaw (chŏk´tô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They formerly occupied central and S Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their enemies in repeated wars. The Choctaw economy was based on agriculture, and the Choctaw were perhaps the most competent farmers in the Southeast. Friendly toward the French colonists, the Choctaw were their allies in wars against other tribes. After being forced to cede their lands in Alabama and Mississippi, they moved (1832) to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma, where they became one of the Five Civilized Tribes. In 1990 there were over 85,000 Choctaw in the United States, with more than half living in Oklahoma.

See A. Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (3d ed. 1967); A. H. DeRosier, The Removal of the Choctaw Indians (1971); W. D. Baird, Peter Pitchlynn: Chief of the Choctaws (1972); C. K. Reeves, The Choctaw Before Removal (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Choctaw Indians: Selected full-text books and articles

Choctaw Genesis, 1500-1700 By Patricia Galloway University of Nebraska Press, 1995
Choctaws in a Revolutionary Age, 1750-1830 By Greg O'Brien University of Nebraska Press, 2002
Source Material for the Social and Ceremonial Life of the Choctaw Indians By John R. Swanton United States Government Printing Office, 1931
The Supreme Court's Role in Choctaw and Chickasaw Dispossession* By Kilpinen, Jon T The Geographical Review, Vol. 94, No. 4, October 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians By Francis Paul Prucha University of Nebraska Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Emigration of the Southern Tribes"
Presbyterian Missionary Attitudes toward American Indians, 1837-1893 By Michael C. Coleman University Press of Mississippi, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "American Indians: 'Civilized' Choctaws and 'Savage' Nez Perces"
Early Effects of Technology on the Oklahoma Choctaw Language Community By Haag, Marcia; Coston, F. Wayne Language, Learning & Technology, Vol. 6, No. 2, May 2002
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Choctaw Tales By Tom Mould University Press of Mississippi, 2004
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