Appomattox Campaign


Appomattox (ăpəmăt´əks), town (1990 pop. 1,707), seat of Appomattox co., central Va.; inc. 1925. Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at nearby Appomattox Courthouse on Apr. 9, 1865. After Gen. Philip Sheridan's victory over the Confederates at Five Forks on Apr. 1, Lee abandoned Petersburg and Richmond and retreated westward. Grant pursued, pressing Lee's flank and rear, while Sheridan cut off further retreat at Appomattox Courthouse. Severed from supplies and surrounded by Union forces, Lee was forced to surrender. This marked the virtual end of the war, as the remaining Confederate armies, on hearing of Lee's act, followed suit. The site has been made a national historical park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Appomattox Campaign: Selected full-text books and articles

The Appomattox Campaign: March 29-April 9, 1865
Chris M. Calkins.
Combined Books, 1997
Lee's Last Retreat: The Flight to Appomattox
William Marvel.
University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Lee's Miserables: Life in the Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Appomattox
J. Tracy Power.
University of North Carolina Press, 1998
Lee's Tar Heels: The Pettigrew-Kirkland-Macrae Brigade
Earl J. Hess.
University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "The Road to Appomattox"
Bohemian Brigade: Civil War Newsmen in Action
Louis M. Starr.
Knopf, 1954
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIII "Appomattox and After"
The Passing of the Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Based upon Personal Reminiscences of the Fifth Army Corps
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.
University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VI "Appomattox"
A Place Called Appomattox
William Marvel.
University of North Carolina Press, 2000
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