Benjamin Harrison

Harrison, Benjamin (President of the United States)

Benjamin Harrison, 1833–1901, 23d President of the United States (1889–93), b. North Bend, Ohio, grad. Miami Univ. (Ohio), 1852; grandson of William Henry Harrison. After reading law in Cincinnati, he moved (1854) to Indianapolis, where he was a lawyer and politician. He served in the Civil War as commander of an Indiana volunteer regiment and in 1865 was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers. A well-established corporation lawyer, he was (1881–87) a member of the U.S. Senate as a Republican but was defeated for reelection. The Republicans chose him (1888) as presidential candidate against Grover Cleveland, and he was elected in the electoral college, though Cleveland had the larger popular vote. Harrison as President approved all regular Republican measures, including the highly protective McKinley Tariff Act. His equivocal stand on civil service reform displeased both reformers and spoilsmen. The first Pan-American Conference was held (1889) in his administration. Defeated for reelection in 1892 by Cleveland, Harrison returned to his Indianapolis law practice. He later represented Venezuela in the Venezuela Boundary Dispute. Harrison wrote This Country of Ours (1897) and Views of an Ex-President (1901).

See his public papers and addresses (1893, repr. 1969); biographies by H. J. Sievers (3 vol., 1952–68) and C. W. Calhoun (2005).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Benjamin Harrison: Selected full-text books and articles

The Correspondence between Benjamin Harrison and James G. Blaine, 1882-1893 By James G. Blaine; Benjamin Harrison; Albert T. Volwiler The American Philosophical Society, 1940
Presidents from Hayes through McKinley, 1877-1901: Debating the Issues in Pro and Con Primary Documents By Amy H. Sturgis Greenwood Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)"
From Hayes to McKinley: National Party Politics, 1877-1896 By H. Wayne Morgan Syracuse University Press, 1969
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The Billion-Dollar Congress: 1889-1891"
Facts about the Presidents: A Compilation of Biographical and Historical Data By Joseph Nashan Kane H. W. Wilson, 1959
Librarian’s tip: "Benjamin Harrison: 23rd President" begins on p. 154
Presidential Campaigns By Paul F. Boller Jr Oxford University Press, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twenty-Six "1888: Harrison, Cleveland, and the Tariff" and Chap. Twenty-Seven "1892: Cleveland's Return to Power"
Presidential Anecdotes By Paul F. Boller Jr Oxford University Press, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twenty-Three "Benjamin Harrison 1889-93"
The Seat of Popular Leadership: Parties, Elections, and the Nineteenth-Century Presidency By Korzi, Michael J Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 2, June 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections By William C. Binning; Larry E. Esterly; Paul A. Sracic Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Harrison, Benjamin (1833-1901)" begins on p. 205
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