Jane Addams

Jane Addams, 1860–1935, American social worker, b. Cedarville, Ill., grad. Rockford College, 1881. In 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in the United States (see settlement house). Based on the university settlements begun in England by Samuel Barnett, Hull House served as a community center for the neighborhood poor and later as a center for social reform activities. It was important in Chicago civic affairs and had an influence on the settlement movement throughout the country. An active reformer throughout her career, Jane Addams was a leader in the woman's suffrage and pacifist (see pacifism) movements, and was a strong opponent of the Spanish-American War. She was the recipient (jointly with Nicholas Murray Butler) of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Her books on social questions include The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil (1912), and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).

See her autobiographical Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930); the selected works in The Jane Addams Reader (ed. by J. B. Elshtain, 2001); biographies by J. W. Linn, her nephew (1935), A. F. Davis (1973), G. Diliberto (1999), and L. W. Knight (2005); studies by D. Levine (1971) and J. B. Elshtain (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Jane Addams: Selected full-text books and articles

Citizen: Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy By Louise W. Knight University of Chicago Press, 2005
FREE! The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets By Jane Addams The Macmillan Company, 1909
Against the Tide: Women Reformers in American Society By Paul A. Cimbala; Randall M. Miller Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Jane Addams and the Settlement House Movement" begins on p. 85
Creating the American State: The Moral Reformers and the Modern Administrative World They Made By Richard J. Stillman II University of Alabama Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Jane Addams: The Call from the Inner Light for Social Reform"
Maternal Rhetoric in Jane Addams's Twenty Years at Hull-House By Ostman, Heather Philological Quarterly, Vol. 85, No. 3-4, Summer-Fall 2006
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Jane Addams and the Social Claim By Elshtain, Jean Bethke The Public Interest, Fall 2001
Men, Women, and Issues in American History By Howard H. Quint; Milton Cantor Dorsey Press, vol.2, 1975
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Variations on the Progressive Theme: Jane Addams, Robert M. La Follette, Theodore Roosevelt"
Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook By Karlyn Kohrs Campbell Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Jane Addams (1860-1935), Champion of the Poor, Advocate for Peace, Suffragist" begins on p. 1
Creating a Female Dominion in American Reform, 1890-1935 By Robyn Muncy Oxford University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Origins of the Dominion: Hull House, 1890-1910"
From the Small Town to the Great Community: The Social Thought of Progressive Intellectuals By Jean B. Quandt Rutgers University Press, 1970
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Jane Addams and the Division of Labor"
Meditations on Modern Political Thought: Masculine/Feminine Themes from Luther to Arendt By Jean Bethke Elshtain Praeger Publishers, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Self/Other, Citizen/State: G. W. F. Hegel and Jane Addams"
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