Thomas E. Dewey

Dewey, Thomas Edmund

Thomas Edmund Dewey, 1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York. After briefly serving (1933) as U.S. attorney, he was appointed (1935) special prosecutor to investigate organized crime and was elected (1937) district attorney of New York county. He won a national reputation for "racket-busting." He was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for governor of New York in 1938, but was elected governor in 1942. In 1944 he won the Republican presidential nomination, but he lost the election to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Reelected (1946) governor, Dewey again ran for President on the Republican ticket in 1948 and, contrary to general expectation, lost the election to Harry S. Truman by a close margin. He was reelected governor of New York in 1950, and resumed private law practice on completion of his term (1955). He wrote Journey to the Far Pacific (1952) after a tour of East Asia, and Thomas E. Dewey on the Two Party System (1966).

See biographies by B. K. Beyer (1979) and R. N. Smith (1982).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Thomas E. Dewey: Selected full-text books and articles

Dewey, an American of This Century By Stanley Walker Whittlesey House, 1944
FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944 By David M. Jordan Indiana University Press, 2011
27 Masters of Politics: In a Personal Perspective By Raymond Moley Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1949
Librarian’s tip: "Politics Self-Taught --Thomas E. Dewey" begins on p. 56
Public Men in and out of Office By J. T. Salter The University of North Carolina Press, 1946
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 23 "Thomas Edmund Dewey: 'Political Resiliency'"
Booknotes: Stories from American History By Brian Lamb Public Affairs, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Truman Defeats Dewey" begins on p. 305
Presidential Nominating Politics in 1952 By Paul T. David The Johns Hopkins Press, vol.2, 1954
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Thomas E. Dewey begins on p. 155
Presidential Campaigns By Paul F. Boller Jr Oxford University Press, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Thomas E. Dewey begins on p. 259
The Pursuit of the White House: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics and History By G. Scott Thomas Greenwood Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Thomas E. Dewey begins on p. 127
The Republican Dilemma: Conservatism or Progressivism By Conrad Joyner University of Arizona Press, 1963
Librarian’s tip: "Taft, Dewey, and Vandenberg" begins on p. 9
The Republican Right since 1945 By David W. Reinhard University Press of Kentucky, 1983
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Thomas E. Dewey begins on p. 42
Harry S. Truman: Presidential Rhetoric By Halford R. Ryan Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Doing Unto Dewey" begins on p. 89 and Truman's Speech "Doctor Dewey and the Republican Record" begins on p. 147
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