Lucretia Mott

Mott, Lucretia Coffin

Lucretia Coffin Mott, 1793–1880, American feminist and reformer, b. Nantucket, Mass. She moved (1804) with her family to Boston and later (1809) to Philadelphia. A Quaker, she studied and taught at a Friends school near Poughkeepsie, N.Y. After 1818 she became known as a lecturer for temperance, peace, the rights of labor, and the abolition of slavery. She aided fugitive slaves, and following the meeting (1833) of the American Anti-Slavery Society, she was a leader in organizing the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. Refusal by the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London (1840) to recognize women delegates led to her championship of the cause of women's rights. With Elizabeth Cady Stanton she organized (1848) at Seneca Falls, N.Y., the first women's rights convention in the United States.

See biographies by O. Cromwell (1958, repr. 1971), D. Sterling (1964), and G. Kurland (1972); C. Faulkner, Lucretia Mott's Heresy (2011).

Her husband, James Mott, 1788–1868, whom she married in 1811, was also a Quaker who worked constantly for the antislavery cause and for woman suffrage. He was a delegate to the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, and he presided (1848) at the first national women's rights convention at Seneca Falls. He also aided in the founding (1864) of Swarthmore College.

See A. D. Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott: Life and Letters (1884).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Lucretia Mott: Selected full-text books and articles

The Greatest American Woman, Lucretia Mott By Lloyd C. M. Hare American Historical Society, 1937
Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook By Karlyn Kohrs Campbell Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793-1880): Religious Reformers and Advocate of the Oppressed" begins on p. 125
Man Cannot Speak for Her By Karlyn Kohrs Campbell Praeger Publishers, vol.1, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Responding to Opposition Based on Theology: Proposing a Single Moral Standard"
Man Cannot Speak for Her By Karlyn Kohrs Campbell Praeger Publishers, vol.2, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Lucretia Coffin Mott, 'Discourse on Woman,' 1849"
Women's Suffrage in America: An Eyewitness History By Elizabeth Frost; Kathryn Cullen-Dupont Facts on File, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Women Overseas- The World of Anti-Slavery Convention: 1840-1847"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
FREE! Eminent Women of the Age: Being Narratives of the Lives and Deeds of the Most Prominent Women of the Present Generation By James Parton; T. W. Higginson; J. S. C. Abbott; James M. Hoppin; William Winter; Grace Greenwood; E. C. Stanton; Horace Greeley; Fanny Fern; Theodore Tilton S.M. Betts, 1869
Librarian’s tip: "Lucretia Mott" begins on p. 371
From Preachers to Suffragists: Enlisting the Pulpit in the Early Movement for Woman's Rights By Zink-Sawyer, Beverly A ATQ (The American Transcendental Quarterly), Vol. 14, No. 3, September 2000
The Quakers By Hugh Barbour; J. William Frost Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: "Mott, Lucretia Coffin" begins on p. 353
Triumph over Silence: Women in Protestant History By Richard L. Greaves Greenwood Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Lucretia Mott begins on p. 187
American Feminists By Robert E. Riegel University of Kansas Press, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Lady Reformers"
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