Academic journal article Journal of Accountancy

ESOP Issues and Sale-Leaseback Accounting

Academic journal article Journal of Accountancy

ESOP Issues and Sale-Leaseback Accounting

Article excerpt

ESOP ISSUES AND SALE-LEASEBACK ACCOUNTING

This month's column discusses an ESOP-related consensus reached at a recent meeting of the Financial Accounting Standards Board Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF or task force). FASB staff responses to some sale-leaseback questions also are discussed.

EITF Abstracts, copyrighted by the FASB, is available in softcover and loose-leaf versions and may be obtained by contacting the FASB order department at 401 Merritt 7, P.O. Box 5116, Norwalk, Connecticut 06856-5116. Phone: (203) 847-0700.

ISSUE NO. 90-4

This EITF issue, Earnings-per-Share Treatment of Tax Benefits for Dividends on Stock Held by an Employee Stock Ownership Plan, deals with this problem: A sponsor establishes an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP). The cash dividends on the stock held by the ESOP are tax deductible by the sponsor because they are either used by the ESOP to service its debt or paid to participants. The sponsor credits retained earnings for the tax benefit from dividends paid to the ESOP in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion no. 11, Accounting for Income Taxes.

Accounting issues. The two issues considered by the task force were:

1. When primary earnings per share (EPS) are being computed, should the dividends on preferred stock held by an ESOP be deducted from net income (net of any applicable income tax benefit)?

2. When computing EPS, should tax benefits related to common dividends paid to the ESOP be considered in net income?

Consensus. On the first issue the task force decided dividends on preferred stock held by an ESOP should be deducted from net income (net any applicable income tax benefit) if that stock is not a common stock equivalent.

The task force couldn't reach a consensus on the second issue. It did, however, note the same issue applies to sponsors with preferred stock ESOPs when computing earnings per share under the if-converted method.

The task force also reached a consensus on a disclosure matter. It decided the amount and treatment in the earnings-per-share computation of the tax benefit related to dividends paid to any ESOP should be disclosed, if material.

SALE-LEASEBACK

ACCOUNTING

Briefly, under sale-leaseback accounting, a sale is recorded, the property and related liabilities are removed from the balance sheet, gain or loss is recorded and the lease-back is classified according to the FASB lease accounting rules (FASB Statement no. …

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