Academic journal article College Student Journal

Faculty Perception on Student Academic Honesty

Academic journal article College Student Journal

Faculty Perception on Student Academic Honesty

Article excerpt

This study intends to investigate possible differences in student and faculty perception on student academic honesty and also proposes to detect possible differences in student variables such as year level and gender in view of the issue, and faculty gender difference in prospect of the same concern. Results indicate that faculty members tend to perceive students in a negative manner concerning the matter of academic honesty. Significant differences were also found in student gender, while no significant differences were found regarding faculty gender. Differences in faculty and student perspectives may be attributed to the negative experiences of the faculty members to student performance.

Introduction

Cheating is a violation of rules and regulations, a phenomenon most people abhor yet profess to have committed at one time or another under adverse conditions. In the area of education, academic dishonesty is a perennial problem that successfully eludes solutions. Thus, there is increasing interest to comprehend this academic dilemma that affects every institution. In terms of teacher-student relationship, perception of one group toward the other group with regard to cheating defines thought patterns between these two groups. Perception is deemed significant in any relationship as this affects interaction. How an individual or group would relate to another is often predisposed to by the preconceived notion of the other individual or group. Naturally, a pleasing preconception of a certain entity would result to a harmonious relationship. A contrite one would result otherwise. The area of morality centres as one of the fields that contribute to group interaction. Further, social comparison speaks of how one would view the actions of others to compare one's own view of deciding if one's perception of societal reality is correct. It is of this concern that a study to the different perceptions on student academic dishonesty between faculty and students is found relevant. Other variables that contribute to significant differences in perception shall also be considered.

A number of researches have been geared towards this issue. A study done by Ballew and Roig (1992) showed students' perception of professors' attitudes were very similar to the actual attitudes held by the professors. However, professors believed that students were more tolerant of cheating than students reported themselves to be. Greene and Saxe (1992) investigated the role of perceptions of normative behavior concerning academic cheating on self-reported cheating behaviors. The research showed that students viewed cheating as a normal occurrence and nothing out of the usual. Further, situational factors were considered pertinent to the act. Classroom environment was also viewed as a significant situational variable in academic dishonesty, with both attitudes and behavior being related to perceptions of classroom environment (Pulvers and Diekhoff 1999).

The research by R. Nolan, J. Smith and Y Dai (1998) focused on the faculty perception on student academic honesty. In view of the increasing importance of human interaction to society, a research similar in content and methodology is hereby presented in a different cultural setting. It is the purpose of this research to find out how the outcome of the said study (Dai, Nolan, and Smith 1998) relates to the change in the sample; it also intends to find out if the result of the previous study is culture bound.

This study would aspire to uncover (a) faculty perception on student academic honesty, (b) student variables such as gender and year level, affecting academic honesty and, (c) faculty variable that affects faculty perception on student academic honesty.

Method

Forty eight faculty members and 180 undergraduate students majoring in Engineering and the Sciences at the University of the Philippines, Diliman were surveyed to uncover the different perceptions, if any, held by each group regarding academic dishonesty. …

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