Academic journal article Ahfad Journal

Tamadur Hassan Hamad and Dalal Mohammed Ali. (2002). the Role of Traditional Ways in Tribal Conflict Resolution in Southern Darfur

Academic journal article Ahfad Journal

Tamadur Hassan Hamad and Dalal Mohammed Ali. (2002). the Role of Traditional Ways in Tribal Conflict Resolution in Southern Darfur

Article excerpt

B.Sc. dissertation. School of Rural Extension Education and Development. Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman.

The study stated that the Sudan is one of the countries, which mostly suffer from tribal conflicts, as a result of differences in culture, ethnicity and geographical situations.

Darfur is one of the eastern areas of Sudan that suffers conflict between the tribes for many years back in history since the Turkish rule. Darfur lies in an area of 127, 300 kilometers its population consists of 2,152,399 people.

The situation of southern Darfur, as it is surrounded by Libya from the North, Chad from the west and Cenlral African Republic from the south, this situation led to instability and migration from these countries to others and from boarders to inside the different areas. Here the differences in culture, ways of living, with the movements for land, water and resources helped to cause conflict between the migrants and the settled people.

The objectives of the study were:

1--To clarify the main reasons of conflict.

2--To reveal the role of traditional methods for conflict resolution.

3--To see about the role of women in conflict resolution.

The respondents were randomly selected. They were 30 women and 20 men from different tribes. The data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and from official records. The researcher faced some constraints when collecting data.

1) Most of the tribes were not fully ready to answer the questions.

2) The government officials do not easily give information from records.

3) The ordinary people did not easily give information because they are afraid of both sides who are involved in the conflict.

Eventhough the study arrived to file major reasons of conflict, which was the war in Chad that led to migration from Chad to Darfur. The migrants had to camp on the borders of Darfur escaping from war. In addition all sides had the opportunity to have weapons. Also the increase of illegal trade helped to increase problems and conflict all added to the tribal differences of culture and origins besides the absence of the powerful tribal authorities which can easily resolve conflict. …

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