Academic journal article Ahfad Journal

Suad Osman Hassan Ahmed (1999) Food Consumption Patterns of the Dar Hamids and Zagawas in Dar Al-Salam, Umbada Province

Academic journal article Ahfad Journal

Suad Osman Hassan Ahmed (1999) Food Consumption Patterns of the Dar Hamids and Zagawas in Dar Al-Salam, Umbada Province

Article excerpt

M.Sc. Human. Nutrition. Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman, Sudan.

Khartoum State became a place for settlement of migrants from western Sudan due to periodic drought cycles. No study is available yet on the effects of urbanization on food consumption patterns in Sudan. This study was undertaken to investigate any such effects on the Dar Hamids of Kordofan and the Zagawas of Darfur who settled in Dar Al Salam, Umbada Province.

The demographic information showed that about one-quarter of the Zagawas' households were headed by women and that more than 50% of both groups lived as extended families. Food expenditure/head/day was similar for both groups. Urbanisation caused some changes in the food consumption patterns of both groups.

The change in cereals' consumption was manifested in a decrease in the consumption of dukhn (millet) which was more pronounced for the Dar Hamids (-45.5%) than the Zagawas (-25.9%) which was mainly offset by an increase in wheat consumption (40% and 29.7% respectively). This was supported by a decrease in the consumption of dukhn products (Kisra and asida) and an increase in that of wheat bread. The Dar Hamids started to eat wheat bread in Khartoum and not before migrating to it.

The trend for legume consumption was towards an increase in the consumption of ful masri (black eyed beans), addas (lentils), and fasoulia beida (baked beans) and a decrease in that of luba hilo, luba affin and (peanuts)ful sudani (total average change [+ or -] 29. …

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