Academic journal article Afterimage

Elia Kazan, 1909-2003

Academic journal article Afterimage

Elia Kazan, 1909-2003

Article excerpt

Influential American realist filmmaker Elia Kazan died on September 28, 2003.

Born Elia Kazanjoglous in Constantinople (now Istanbul), Turkey on September 7, 1909, Kazan emigrated to the United States with his parents at the age of four. After attending the Yale School of Drama, Kazan worked at New York City's experimental Group Theatre as a stage manager and an actor playing in small roles. He began directing plays in 1935, and soon became the favored director of such writers as Tennessee Williams. In 1947, Kazan co-founded the Actors' Studio, the home of Method acting, and he was also co-founder of the first repertory theater at Lincoln Center. He is revered for his direction of such plays as A Streetcar Named Desire with Marlon Brando (which Kazan directed on film in 1954), Death of a Salesman and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, which brought psychological realism to the forefront of American theater. Kazan continued working on Broadway throughout his long film career. His classic films include A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945), Gentleman's Agreement (1948), Panic in the Streets (1950), On the Waterfront (1954), East of Eden (1955) and Splendor in the Grass (1961). …

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