Academic journal article Journal of Economic Issues

Healthy Economics Healing Autistic Accounting Theory: Visiting a Neglected Area of Institutional Economics

Academic journal article Journal of Economic Issues

Healthy Economics Healing Autistic Accounting Theory: Visiting a Neglected Area of Institutional Economics

Article excerpt

In June 2000, French students of economics rose up in revolt against the economics that they were being taught, coming to world attention with a student petition against autisme-economie (autistic economics), declaring, as their second point:

   The instrumental use of mathematics appears necessary. But resort to
   mathematical formalization when it is not an instrument but rather
   an end in itself, leads to a true schizophrenia in relation to the
   real world. Formalization makes it easy to construct exercises and
   to manipulate models whose significance is limited to finding "the
   good result" (that is, the logical result following from the initial
   hypotheses) in order to be able to write "a good paper." This
   custom, under the pretence of being scientific, facilitates
   assessment and selection, but never responds to the question that we
   are posing regarding contemporary economic debates. (Post-Autistic
   Economics Network 2000, paragraph 5)

Of course, one of the most obvious culprits for autistic economic theory is neoclassical theory and approaches derived from it. The students recognized this in their first point, which declares in part:

   Most of us have chosen to study economics so as to acquire a deep
   understanding of the economic phenomena with which the citizens of
   today are confronted. But the teaching that is offered, that is to
   say for the most part neoclassical theory or approaches derived from
   it, does not generally answer this expectation. Indeed, even when
   the theory legitimately detaches itself from contingencies in the
   first instance, it rarely carries out the necessary return to the
   facts. (Post-Autistic Economics Network 2000, paragraph 4)

We focus on an approach to the question of the influence of culture on corporate reporting standards, drawn from the theory of accounting. We argue that the formalization chosen, together with the empirical techniques that are used, leads to an "autistic" theory. However, the theory in question is not based upon neoclassical economics, which implies that the problem of "autistic" theory identified above is not restricted to the neoclassical approach. When responding to the challenge laid down by the students in the post-autistic economics movement, it is important for us to be conscious that "autistic" theory is not restricted to any one theoretical approach. It is especially important to beware habitual choices of empirical technique that lead in the direction of an "autistic" theory. It is possible to feel that the problem has been resolved by adopting a more appropriate theory, only for the problem to reappear as the result of inappropriate choice of statistical technique.

There are several reasons to present this argument to an audience of institutional economists. One derives from the particular formalism being examined. This is the formalization of hypotheses in an effort to permit them to be tested by regression analysis. Given the heavy reliance on regression analysis in much of what passes for applied economic research, it is important to have a clear understanding of the situations where the preliminary formalization of hypotheses to prepare for regression analysis is enough in itself to lead toward "autistic" theory.

However, the primary reason is to begin reclaiming ground for institutional economics that has been lost by mainstream economic approaches. A consequence of autistic economics is that those who require an effective understanding of an aspect of the economy must frequently pursue this understanding outside of the mainstream economics literature. This is particularly for the theories of accounting, marketing, management, and the other "business disciplines." In accounting, corporate reporting standards play an important role in the corporate information that is made available to shareholders and other members of the public. …

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