Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Journal of the History of Philosophy Vol. 42, No. 1, January 2004

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Journal of the History of Philosophy Vol. 42, No. 1, January 2004

Article excerpt

The Scope of Aristotle's Essentialism in the Posterior Analytics, RICHARD TIERNEY

Aristotle's essentialism distinguishes between what belongs in itself and what belongs accidentally. Yet two distinct kinds of entity belong in itself: those that belong to something in what it is, and those that have what they belong to in the account of what they are; it is not clear in what sense the latter are essential. The author articulates the nature of these entities, and argues that they are indeed essential in that they cannot not belong to their subjects. This is because they are "entrenched" within the generic matter that is "worked up" into the substance that is their subject.

Spinoza and Prime Matter, CHARLES HUENEMANN

Spinoza claims that God is extended and corporeal, but he resists identifying God with the extended, corporeal world. How then are we to understand the relation of God to the physical world? This essay first critically examines interpretations offered by Schmaltz and Woolhouse which claim that Spinoza's God is not actually extended, but a nonextended essence of extension. It is then suggested that Spinoza's God can be understood as something akin to (a modified version of) scholastic prime matter. On this view, Spinoza's God is actually extended, but cannot be identified with the corporeal world, which is changeable and variegated in a way that prime matter is not.

Salomon Maimon and the Rise of Spinozism in German Idealism, YITZHAK Y. …

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