Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind Vol. 112, No. 448, October 2003

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind Vol. 112, No. 448, October 2003

Article excerpt

Solving the Riddle of Coherence, LUC BOVENS and STEPHAN HARTMANN

A coherent story is a story that fits together well. This notion plays a central role in the coherence theory of justification and has been proposed as a criterion for scientific theory choice. Many attempts have been made to give a probabilistic account of this notion. A proper account of coherence must not start from some partial intuitions, but should pay attention to the role that this notion is supposed to play within a particular context. Coherence is a property of an information set that boosts our confidence that its content is true ceteris paribus when we receive information from independent and partially reliable sources. The authors construct a measure [c.sub.r] that relies on hypothetical sources with certain idealized characteristics. The authors show that, on their account, the coherence of the story about the world gives us a reason to believe that the story is true and that the coherence of a scientific theory, construed as a set of models, is a proper criterion for theory choice.

A Puzzle about Truth and Singular Propositions, AVIV HOFFMANN

It seems that every singular proposition implies that the object it is singular with respect to exists. …

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