Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind Vol. 113, No. 449, January 2004

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind Vol. 113, No. 449, January 2004

Article excerpt

Properties and Kinds of Tropes: New Linguistic Facts and Old Philosophical Insights, FRIEDERIKE MOLTMANN

Terms like "wisdom" are commonly held to refer to abstract objects that are properties. On the basis of a greater range of linguistic data and with the support of some ancient and medieval philosophical views, the author argues that such terms do not stand for objects, but rather for kinds of tropes, entities that do not have the status of objects, but only play a role as semantic values of terms and as arguments of predicates. Such "nonobjects" crucially differ from objects in that they are not potential bearers of properties.

The General Propositional Form is a Variable (Tractatus 4.53), PETER M. SULLIVAN

Wittgenstein presents in the Tractatus a variable purporting to capture the general form of a proposition. One understanding of what Wittgenstein is doing there, an understanding in line with the "new" reading of his work championed by Diamond, Conant, and others, sees it as a deflationary or even an implosive move; a move by which a concept sometimes put by philosophers to distinctively metaphysical use is replaced, in a perspicuous notation, by an innocent device of generalization, thereby dispersing the clouds of philosophy that formerly surrounded the concept. …

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