Academic journal article Canadian Journal of Regional Science

Local Attitudes and Perceptions regarding Development: Parry Sound, Ontario

Academic journal article Canadian Journal of Regional Science

Local Attitudes and Perceptions regarding Development: Parry Sound, Ontario

Article excerpt

Abstract

NAQVI, K., B. SHARPE and A. HECHT: "Local Attitudes and Perceptions Regarding Development: Parry Sound, Ontario".

Fiscal restraint and international economic restructuring is changing Canadian regional development practices from growth-pole to community-based approaches. Widespread community support and co-operative effort is seen as the comparative advantage of community-based development. Thus, attitudes and perceptions regarding development are critically important, since appropriate institutions and activity cannot emerge without broad support. A survey of Parry Sound residents reveals that there is great concern regarding economic conditions and general support for community-based development. However, there is little understanding of integral community-based development concepts and low awareness of existing local institutions and practices. Furthermore, there is some polarisation between the business and general populations regarding both appropriate directions for future development and the area's problems and potential.

Resumes

NAQVI, K., B. SHARPE et A. HECHT: "Local Attitudes and Perceptions Regarding Development: Parry Sound, Ontario".

[??]Local Attitudes and Perceptions Re-garding Development: Parry Sound, Ontario [Attitudes et perceptions locales sur le developpement: le cas de Parry Sound, Ontario][??]. Les restrictions fiscales et la restructuration economique internationale influencent les pratiques de developpement regionale au Canada. Au lieu de poursuivre le concept d'un developpement dans quelques poles de croissance, la tendance va plutot vers l'idee d'un developpement individuel sur le plan communal, les communes ayant un potentiel humain indeniable ainsi que des institutions locales bien adaptees. Un developpement a l'echelle des communes aurait aussi l'avantage d'un plus grand effort de cooperation et de support locaux de la part de la population. Ceci implique que la perception et les attitudes envers un tel developpement sont d'une importance essentielle, car la mise en place d'institutions et d'activites bien adaptees necessite un support bien fonde dans le public. Une enquete effectuee parmis les residents de Parry Sound prouve qu'ils sont tres concernes en ce qui est des conditions economiques de leur commune et qu'ils supportent l'idee d'un developpement communal. Cependant il n'y a que tres peu de comprehension pour des strategies integrales de developpement intercommunal. En meme temps les connaissances concernant les institutions et les pratiques locales sont plutot reduites. Aussi peut-on constater une certaine polarisation entre le commerce et la population lorsqu'il s'agit de definir les problemes et les potentiels de la commune ainsi que les buts precis et adaptes d'un futur developpement.

Regional development practice changed considerably during the 1980s in Canada and other western industrialised nations. Government directed, regional scale planning was deemphasised and increasing emphasis was placed on bottom-up, community-directed local economic development. Local initiative within local economies is now advocated by all levels of government as one remedy to global economic restructuring and local decline (for example, Ontario 1992; Economic Council of Canada 1990; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 1985). While activity is less well established in Canada than in the United States, where it first emerged (Perry 1989; Brodhead et al. 1990), or Western Europe, a series of studies commissioned by the Economic Council of Canada during the 1980s led it to conclude that "communities can help themselves through local-development initiatives that promote entrepreneurship and help the community to respond to market opportunities" (Economic Council of Canada 1990: ix).

Of critical importance in community-based development is the community's support and participation. While development can involve providing financial, physical, or information resources, it is human development, cultural attitudes, and perceptions which are increasingly recognised as the most important components (Perry 1989; Brodhead et al. …

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