Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

WHO Joins International Effort to Help Bam Earthquake Survivors

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

WHO Joins International Effort to Help Bam Earthquake Survivors

Article excerpt

WHO has offered to provide technical and material support to the Islamic Republic of Iran, as its Ministry of Health faces the challenge of meeting the urgent health needs of tens of thousands of people affected by the recent earthquake in Bam.

"The profound tragedy of thousands of people killed has caused emotional and psychological trauma for the tens of thousands of people who have survived," said WHO Director-General, Dr LEE Jong-wook, in his letter of condolences to the Minister of Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran. "It is now imperative to ensure their mental and physical well-being to the fullest extent possible during this fragile period," he said.

The earthquake, which took place on 26 December, left over 40 000 people dead and around 30 000 injured as well as destroying approximately 20 000 homes, leaving more than 45 000 people homeless. Health concerns faced by the survivors of the earthquake include exposure to cold night temperatures, inadequate access to safe water and sanitation and insufficient injury care.

The physical structures of the main hospitals in Bam, and several urban and rural health clinics, have collapsed. Many medical staff and other health workers have been injured or killed. The Ministry of Health and Medical Education estimated, on a preliminary basis, that the reconstruction of the health system in Bam and its district will require at least US$ 25 million. WHO is now appealing for US$ 3. …

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