Academic journal article Refuge

A Remaining Hope for Durable Solutions: Local Integration of Refugees and Their Hosts in the Case of Uganda

Academic journal article Refuge

A Remaining Hope for Durable Solutions: Local Integration of Refugees and Their Hosts in the Case of Uganda

Article excerpt

Abstract

The protracted nature of conflicts in countries of the global South means that return to home countries for many refugees is increasingly delayed. At the same time, global terrorism and concerns about security have slowed processes of resettlement in countries of the North. Local integration to host communities in countries of first asylum may be a remaining option. This paper explores Possibilities for revival of local integration as a durable solution. The authors situate the study within the framework of protracted refugee situations globally and, specifically, within the existing local settlement structure and the Self Reliance Strategy (SRS) in Uganda. Benefits to refugee-hosting communities are analyzed through two case studies: local integration through commerce and through primary education. The paper concludes by exploring ways in which stakeholders, including refugees, UNHCR, and donor governments can work together to promote shared and simultaneous development in refugee and national communities, specifically in conceptualizing the durable solution of local integration within the context of a national framework for development.

Resume

Le fait que les conflits dans l'hemisphere Sud se prolongent interminablement signifie que pour beaucoup de refugies le retour dans leur pays d'origine est de plus en plus retarde. En meme temps, le terrorisme global et les craintes securitaires ont considerablement ralenti les procedures de reinstallation dans les pays de l'hemisphere Nord. Dans ces conditions, il semblerait que l'integration des refugies dans les communautes hotes dans les premiers pays d'asile pourrait etre la seule solution possible. Cet article examine donc les possibilites de raviver l'integration locale comme solution durable. Les auteurs placent leur etude dans le cadre des situations de refugies qui se prolongent, et, plus particulirement en reference la structure locale de reinstallation qui existe deja en Ouganda, ainsi que leur 'Self Reliance Strategy' (SRS) (<< strategie autocentre>>). Les avantages dont beneficient les communautes accueillant les refugies sont analyses travers deux etudes de cas : l'integration locale a travers le commerce et l'integration a travers l'education primaire. L'article conclut en examinant les manieres par lesquelles les parties prenantes, y compris les refugies, I'UNHCR et les gouvernements donateurs, peuvent travailler de concert pour promouvoir le developpement parallele et simultane a la fois dans les communautes de refugies et dans les communautes nationales--plus specifiquement, en conceptualisant la solution durable de l'integration locale dans le contexte d'un plan national de developpement.

1. Introduction

Political conflicts in various parts of the world are, more and more often, of an extended duration. This means that return to home countries for refugees is increasingly delayed. At the same time, global terrorism and concerns about security have slowed processes of resettlement in traditional resettlement countries and, in some cases, the number of refugees who can be resettled has fallen and their countries of origin have been restricted. The increasing size of refugee population influxes to countries of first asylum has meant that host governments have been reluctant to facilitate local integration; indeed, local integration carries with it a connotation of permanence as well as security problems and resource burdens. (1) Failure to find acceptable durable solutions among these three options has resulted in increasing numbers of refugee situations worldwide that can be described as "protracted."

"Refugees can be regarded as being in a protracted situation when they have lived in exile for more than five years, and when they still have no immediate prospect of finding a durable solution to their plight by means of voluntary repatriation, local integration, or resettlement," (2) writes Jeff Crisp. …

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