Academic journal article Management International Review

Ranking the International Business Schools: Faculty Publication as the Measure (1)

Academic journal article Management International Review

Ranking the International Business Schools: Faculty Publication as the Measure (1)

Article excerpt

Abstract

* This study measures and ranks the productivity of academic institutions based on their number of publications from 1991 to 2000, in the top 3 core international business journals.

* This study serves as a useful update of the previous studies by Morrison and Inkpen (1991) and Inkpen and Beamish (1994) examining three core international business journals namely, Management International Review, Journal of International Business Studies, and Journal of World Business. An attempt has been made to better represent the international business research publications and add strength to the generalizability of the findings.

Key Results

* University of Western Ontario, University of South Carolina, and University of Texas at Austin occupy the top three ranks in terms of publications in MIR, JIBS, and JWB during the 1991-2000 period. These rankings change significantly when analyzed over the five year time periods from 1991-1995 to 1996- 2000.

Introduction

The increase in the amount of international research in management, accounting, finance, marketing and MIS journals (Werner 2002, Werner/Brouthers 2002), increase in the international activities of business faculty (Kwok/Arpan 2002), and the growth in the number of international business journals (DuBois/Reeb 2000), are all evidence of the growing importance of international business research amongst business school faculty. Moreover, publishing in academic journals is becoming increasingly important for faculty in the international business area under review for tenure, promotion, or annual merit pay decisions. Although scholarly manuscripts, books, and papers presented at professional meetings are acknowledged to be important mediums of research outlet, journal publications are given a greater weight in making decisions of tenure, promotion and pay increases of international business faculty in most of the universities. Furthermore, the publishing output of a university faculty has become the key criterion in measuring the quality of a university faculty as well as the quality of the particular program at the university (Henry/Burch 1974, Stahl/Leap/Wei 1988).

This study measures and ranks the productivity of academic institutions based on their number of publications from 1991 to 2000, in the top 3 core international business journals. The time period of 1991-2000 serves as a useful update of the previous studies done by Morrison and Inkpen (1991) and Inkpen and Beamish (1994). The update helps in comparing the rankings of international business schools, based on their number of publications in Journal of International Business Studies, across three different time periods. Thereafter, the schools are ranked on the basis of their number of publications in the top 3 core international business journals- Management International Review, Journal of International Business Studies, and Journal of World Business. By including 3 journals, the study attempts to better represent the international business research publications and add strength to the generalizability of the findings.

Previous Ranking Studies

Because of the increasing interest in publishing, several studies spanning various academic disciplines have been undertaken to determine which university faculty has been most prolific in the publication of articles in scholarly journals (a detailed reference list of such studies is provided in Stahl, Leap, and Wei (1988). Ball and McCulloch (1984) were the first to do a ranking study of the international business education programs in American schools. They surveyed the AIB members and asked them to rank the top 10 schools in the country based on the quality of the international business programs at the graduate and the undergraduate levels. There were no fixed criteria used for the rankings, and the respondents were asked to list 5 criteria that they used in the rankings. Nehrt (1987) ranked the masters programs in international business using a set of 18 criteria, assuming equal weight to each criterion. …

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