Academic journal article Journal of Evolutionary Psychology

Philosophy of History: Hitherto and Henceforward (Global Parliament: Debate and International Peace)

Academic journal article Journal of Evolutionary Psychology

Philosophy of History: Hitherto and Henceforward (Global Parliament: Debate and International Peace)

Article excerpt

(1). The Holistic Identity of Human Being as Mind, Body, Psychology, Sociology, Spirit, and Soul Confronted by the Limitations of the Dichotomy of Universe. Human identity as values, ideals, and the unified picture of a system of limitations, contains following parts: (a) Mind, (b) Body, (c) Psychological and Social Domains, (d) Soul and Spirit; (e) the Evolution of Human Plan and Purpose Confronted by Limitations and Dichotomy of Universe; and (f) Civilizations and Cultures in the Context of the Philosophy of History. (a) Mind is the battleground of opposite ideas, thoughts, choices, options, opinions, possibilities, methods, values, and desires. The evolution of mind has produced a dialectical frame of reference as: good and evil, right and wrong, reason and passion, truth and falsehood, order and chaos, peace and war, progression and regression, sacred and profane, and many other dichotomous possibilities that demand explanation and reconciliation. Universe, creation and cosmos are composed of dichotomous poles of reference that are manifested in human thinking, judgment, choice, action, and experience. Mind is endowed with other mental faculties including: motivation, persuasion, judgment, decision, idea, plan, purpose, aim, memory, understanding, learning, discovery, invention, thinking, willing, and intuition. Any mental faculty may be right or wrong, proper or improper, positive or adverse, and logical or illogical. (b) Body in health is the tool or instrument of mind that as mental extension of space, time, energy, force, function, structure, means, method, action, and behavior brings into reality and being what is pictured in the mind as idea. Body akin to mind, may either function rightly or dysfunction in its executions. (c) Psychological and social domains coordinate either favorably or adversely: conditions, interrelations, interactions, and experiences of human beings with one another and with external world. Favorable and agreeable conditions and interrelations develop such positive emotions as: love, trust, friendliness, acceptance, forgiveness, harmony, peace, compassion, sympathy, empathy, joy, and happiness. Adverse or disagreeable conditions and interrelations include: false expectation, wrong priority, unnecessary magnification or diminution, disharmony, incompatibility, suspicion, envy, greed, misunderstanding, ignorance, mistreatment, alienation, error, and psychological complexes of superiority or inferiority. Adverse conditions and interrelations develop negative emotions, for instance: dislike, mistrust, hatred, anxiety, insecurity, fear, guilt, sorrow, suffering, strife, conflict, war, frustration, depression, and psychosis. Adverse feeling or adverse emotion results from adverse psychological and adverse social conditions, interrelations, and experiences. However, favorable feeling and favorable emotion result from favorable conditions, experiences, and interrelations. (d) Soul and spirit deal with abstract and metaphysical spheres of values and ideals not limited by time and space. Soul and spirit are evolved through religion, faith, metaphor, symbol, icon, utopia, grace, magic, art, cult, and folklore. Soul and spirit are domains of power, value, ideal, vision, revelation, allegory, holiness, hope, immortality, eternity, timelessness, transformation, and the integration of past, present and future possibilities. (e) The Evolution of Human Purpose, Plan, and Behavior on Individual and Group Levels Strives to Explain Conditions, Solve Problems, Reconcile Dichotomies or Oppositions, and Reduce Limitations. (f) Civilizations and Cultures constitute interrelation and integration of values, ideals, actions, and their results manifested in every age in the context of the philosophy of history of that age.

(2). Analogy Between the Evolution of Individual Identity as Compared with Group Identity. The evolution of human behavior in individual and group contexts or levels refers to the past, present, and future conditions, identities, interrelations, interactions, and experiences of individuals and of global peoples. …

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