Academic journal article The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality

Holmes, K.K., Levine, R., & Weaver, M. (2004). Effectiveness of Condoms in Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections

Academic journal article The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality

Holmes, K.K., Levine, R., & Weaver, M. (2004). Effectiveness of Condoms in Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections

Article excerpt

Holmes, K.K., Levine, R., & Weaver, M. (2004). Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82, 454-461.

In 2000, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Food and Drug Administration convened an expert panel to review available peer-reviewed published prospective studies on the effectiveness of latex condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during vaginal intercourse. The panel excluded a large number of published studies on the grounds that they utilized flawed study designs or methods. The panel reached three main conclusions. First, latex condoms significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission from men to women and vice versa. Second, condoms significantly reduce the risk of gonorrhoea in men. Third, the small number of well designed prospective studies precluded the panel from making judgments about the effectiveness of condoms in preventing other STIs.

In their report, Holmes, Levine, and Weaver reviewed the findings of prospective studies evaluating the effectiveness of latex male condoms published since the NIH review in June 2000. …

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