Academic journal article The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality

Ness, R.B., Randall, H., Richter, H.E., et Al. (2004). Condom Use and the Risk of Recurrent Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Chronic Pelvic Pain, or Infertility Following an Episode of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Academic journal article The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality

Ness, R.B., Randall, H., Richter, H.E., et Al. (2004). Condom Use and the Risk of Recurrent Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Chronic Pelvic Pain, or Infertility Following an Episode of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Article excerpt

Ness, R.B., Randall, H., Richter, H.E., et al. (2004). Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 1327-1329.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common condition that can result in chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Most cases of PID are caused by infection with chlamydia or gonorrhoea. As one component of a multi-centre follow-up study of women with PID, the authors were able to assess the relationship between condom use and PID-related morbidity.

The sample for the study consisted of 684 sexually active women recruited from 13 U.S. sites. All women enrolled in the study met clinical criteria for suspected PID at baseline and completed at least one follow-up interview. Interviews were conducted every 3 to 4 months with a mean total follow-up of 35 months. Most of the study participants were Black (74%), aged 24 or under (66%) and had a high school education or less (76%). Data collected at follow-up included consistency of condom use, other contraceptive use, self-reported recurrent PID subsequent to the baseline episode (with medical record verification in 68% of cases), chronic pelvic pain, and infertility (defined as no pregnancy for an aggregate of 12 months of no effective contraceptive use or rare use of barrier contraception). …

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