Academic journal article Chicago Review

A Theory of Thermodynamics

Academic journal article Chicago Review

A Theory of Thermodynamics

Article excerpt

first law: [DELTA]U = Q + W

the primary (1) statement of bodies (2) in relation (3) where U = the internal (4) energy (5) of a system Q = the transfer (6) of heat (7) to or from the system W = the amount (8) of work being done on (9) or by the system (10) the transfer of heat (11) as energy (12)

second law: [DELTA]U = T[DELTA]S - W

concerned primarily (13) with changes (14) in entropy (15) where U = the internal (4) energy (5) of a system T = temperature (16) of a body (2) or system (10) determining whether energy (5) can flow (17) into or out of the system (10) S = the entropy (15) of a system (10) the measure (18) of its unavailability (19) to do work W = the amount (8) of work being done on (9) or by the system (10)

third law: absolute zero = -459.67[degrees]F (-273.15[degrees]C)

provides an absolute (20) scale (21) of values (22) for entropy (15) by stating that for changes (14) involving only perfect (23) crystalline (24) solids at absolute (20) zero (25) the temperature (16) at which the kinetic (26) energy (5) of atoms (27) and molecules (28) is minimal (29) the change (14) of the total entropy (15) is zero (25)

1: as in the agreed-upon moment of beginning

2: as in angled against scuffed wooden bar

3: as in pulled inevitably toward other bodies

4: as in language a scaffolding a burlap tongue

5: friction as in molecular attraction

6: as in bodies beading up along walls

7: pheromones biological as in imperative

8: as in flesh glazed bright too many teeth gleam

9: as in fingernails grate across her scalp

10: as in something is off an orbit out of align

11: as in a rumor cups the base of her skull

12: as in otherwise referred to as the conservation of

13: as in eye skims over blacktop mirrorpond

14: as in acceleration tires she expects will furrow

15: as in dry rubber hiss thrums behind her ear

16: as in she wavers hands slick on wheel

17: solid as in an iceberg a mercury spill radiates

18: as in surely she will crush against mirage

19: as in unreliable vision her eyes dissolving

20: how to measure nights spent alone as in

21: as in gradual cooling of neck abdomen

22: as in the ceiling snows above her

23: as in chill crackles across heel arch

24: as in she shudders blood thrills through

25: as in pulse untended kiln a relative measure

26: body without (desire) as in has no measurable

27: as in she spreads fingers against blank sheets

28: as in warmth leaking from nostril earlobe

29: all motion vanishes

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