Academic journal article Management International Review

A Content Analysis of Contributions to the Management International Review Journal

Academic journal article Management International Review

A Content Analysis of Contributions to the Management International Review Journal

Article excerpt

P.R. Chandy, Professor of Finance and Toulouse Scholar, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, U.S.A.

Pradeep Gopalakrishna, Assistant Professor of Marketing, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, U.S.A.

Introduction

Publishing represents the scholarly contributions of individuals and plays a significant part in faculty and institutional evaluations. Because of the importance of publishing, there is considerable interest among scholars in getting a better understanding of the relative quantity of published researched contributed by individuals and institutions. This is evidenced by the publications of Carpenter et al. (1974); Andrews and McKenzie (1978); Ricks and Czinkota (1979); Bazley and Nikolai (1975); Brown and Gardner (1985); Erwin and Toyne (1987); Nehrt (1987, 1989); Ball and McCulloch (1988); Morrison and Inkpen (1991). These studies were well received by the academic community for documenting the contributions of individuals and institutions to the business disciplines.

Heck and Cooley (1988) state that documenting the contributions of scholars to the literature provides an objective measure of research productivity. In other words, a historical analysis of research contributions can serve as a benchmark to evaluate and set the standards of scholarly output. Such benchmarks are likely to be useful for self-evaluation purposes, in providing valuable input in promotion, tenure and salary decisions and in the formation of expectation of the research productivity of faculty. This paper documents the contributions to one journal, Management International Review (MIR) by analyzing the sources of articles, authors and institutions. The period covered in this study is from 1976 to the end of year 1990 (fifteen years).

Literature Review

Among business disciplines, studies that evaluated the contributions of authors, institutions, and journals can be divided into two main groups: Those that used subjective measurement criteria such as faculty and educators' perceptions of journal quality and those that used objective measurement criteria such as number of articles published (productivity), number of pages published, or average cites received. Among studies that used subjective measurement criteria, the notable ones include studies by Estes (1970); Benjamin and Brenner (1974); Bazley and Nikolai (1975); Brooker and Shinoda (1976); Andrews and McKenzie (1978); Weber and Sevenson (1981); Coe and Weinstock (1983); Ebrahimi, Ganesh, and Chandy (1992).

The second group of studies that used more objective evaluation criteria and focused on the contributions of individuals and institutions includes studies by Ricks and Czinkota (1979); Windal (1981); Koch, Merino, and Berman (1984); Brown and Gardner (1985); Heck and Gremser (1986); Thanapoulos and Vernon (1987); Ervin and Toyne (1987); Nehrt (1987, 1989); Heck and Cooley (1988); Ball and McCulloch (1988); and Morrison and Inkpen (1991). The few studies that used citation analysis include studies by McRae (1974); Zeff and Rhode (1975); Dyckman and Zeff (1984); Brown and Gardner (1985); and Smith and Krogstad (1988).

Data

Data for the present study was gathered from each issue of MIR. Only main articles and notes were included in the analysis for assessing individual and institutional authorship. Publications such as book reviews were not included in the study. A fifteen year period since 1976 was chosen, and this is expected to provide a good history of publication percentage by academic and non-academic institutions, as well as by faculty in different universities.

Results

Table 1 displays the number of articles published, number of authors appearing in each journal and number of academic institutions represented over the entire period of the study. A total of 481 articles an notes were published by 558 authors during the years 1976-1990 in MIR, an average of 32.06 articles per year. The average number of appearances per author for the journal was 0. …

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