Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Monist Vol. 88, No. 4, October 2005

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Monist Vol. 88, No. 4, October 2005

Article excerpt

Qualitative Unity and the Bundle Theory, DAVID ROBB

This is an articulation and defense of a trope-bundle theory of material objects. The paper answers a charge frequently made against the bundle theory, namely, that it commits a conceptual error in saying that properties are parts of objects. But there is, it is argued, a general and intuitive sense of "part" in which properties are in fact parts of objects. This leads to the question of qualitative unity: in virtue of what are certain properties unified as parts of an object? First, an account of unity for complex material objects is given. It turns on the thesis that all the properties of complex objects are structural properties. But such an account will not subsume simple objects, since they do not have structural properties. For simples, a more radical account is proposed: a simple object just is a simple property, so that identity delivers the desired unity.

Ordinary Objects, Ordinary Language and Identity, MICHAEL AYERS

The paper concerns the fundamental role of "ordinary objects" with respect to the structure of natural language. It ascribes their role as basic objects of reference to their being natural, given individuals. …

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