Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis Vol. 50, No. 2, April 2005

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis Vol. 50, No. 2, April 2005

Article excerpt

Logic and Music in Plato's Phaedo, D. T. J. BAILEY

Aristotle on the Best Good: Is Nicomachean Ethics 1094a18-22 Fallacious? PETER B. M. VRANAS

The first sentence of Nicomachean Ethics 1.2 has roughly the form: "If A [there is a universal end] and B (because, if not-B, then C), then D [this end will be the best good]." According to some commentators, Aristotle uses B to infer A; but then the sentence is fallacious. According to other commentators, Aristotle does not use B (until later on); but then the sentence is bizarre. Contrary to both sets of commentators (but following Wedin 1981), this paper suggests that Aristotle uses B together with A to infer validly that there is a noninstrumental--and thus unique--universal end (hence D). On this interpretation the above two problems disappear, but a subtler problem emerges: not-B does not entail C.

L' authenticite de Metaphysique <> (meizon ou elatton) d'Aristote, un faux probleme? MYRIAM HECQUET-DEVIENNE

Perpetuity, Eternity, and Time in Proclus's Cosmos, HELEN S. LANG

Proclus composed eighteen arguments for the eternity of the world, and they survive only because Philoponus, intending to refute Proclus's arguments one by one, quotes each; one copy of Philoponus's work--and so Proclus's arguments too--survives. Because of their odd history, these arguments have received little attention either in themselves or in relation to Proclus's other works, even though they are intrinsically interesting and reflect his larger philosophical enterprise. …

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