Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health

Article excerpt

three most important skills designated by respondents from community settings included: (1) providing information about health to clients; (2) providing educational resource material to clients; and (3) interpreting health information for clients. The three most important functions in the worksite settings included: (1) facilitating communication about health issues; (2) providing information about health to employees; (3) disseminating information about health programs to employees. Respondents from community settings rated the cluster of skills representing the competencies of communicating needs and acting as a resource as significantly more important than respondents from worksite settings. The Symposium

Exercise and Cancers: Research Opportunities for Health-Related Fitness Scientists

Representatives from the American Cancer Society (ACS), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) will challenge AAHPERD members to contribute to cancer prevention and control, describing the most promising research opportunities and resources to support investigation of the relationships between cancers and exercise. The presentation will be based on a synoptic article being developed by the ACS and the Office for Health Promotion of Northern Illinois University. Ruth Corcoran of ACS will describe a proposed collaborative research agenda, suggesting that two sets of consensually developed guidelines are needed to promote such research: one set to facilitate dissemination of what experts already know to the public and providers (including exercise specialists); and a second set to facilitate further collaborative research. Speakers from CDC and NCI will outline what is known about these topics, and how exercise scientists can contribute to further development (see accompanying abstracts). Presenters will recommend a process to develop research priorities, involving cancer experts, public health scientists, and relevant interest groups in AAHPERD. Members will be asked to contribute ideas for a research agenda.

The Cancer-Exercise Agenda: Opportunities in Applications Research

CDC is interested in the part of the proposed research agenda devoted to improving education and information diffusion: the Centers are charged with disseminating what is known about disease prevention and control, to both State Health Department personnel and the public. The most important elements in CDC's cancer-related diffusion effort will be reviewed, and current research into cancer-related diffusion methods will be summarized. The presentation will include a discussion of CDC's perspective on how exercise specialists can best help to diffuse what is already known about the relationship between cancer and exercise, and how they can help to overcome barriers to appropriate behavior change, barriers that can affect prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. The speaker will note directions for cancer-related cross-disciplinary cooperation between exercise specialists and other practitioners "in the field." Finally, the most promising opportunities for exercise researchers in cancer-related diffusion and applications research will be reviewed.

Cancers and Exercise: Opportunities in Basic Research

NCI is interested in the development of a synergistic research agenda. NCI carries out the basic research that serves as the basis for health-related interventions, including health promotion programs; therefore, its interests are focused on the ways health science researchers can help to clarify the cause-effect relations between cancers, exercise, and other lifestyle factors. To date, a few salient relationships between exercise and cancer have been firmly established, and others suggested, with various degrees of plausibility. The firm relationships will be summarized, along with the more likely possibilities. Hypothesized reasons for these relationships will be discussed, and the speaker will note barriers to their verification. …

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