Academic journal article Public Personnel Management

The Organizational Climate of Kerman Shahid Bahonar University Its Comparison with the Desired Organizational Climate from the Viewpoints of the Personnel (Staff) of the University

Academic journal article Public Personnel Management

The Organizational Climate of Kerman Shahid Bahonar University Its Comparison with the Desired Organizational Climate from the Viewpoints of the Personnel (Staff) of the University

Article excerpt

The aim of this research is to survey the organizational climate of Kerman Shahid Bahonar University and compare it with the desired organizational climate from the point of view of the university staff. The questions of the research are:

1. Is the relationship among the staff friendly?

2. Does the staff perform their delegated duties with high spirit?

3. Are the conditions in a way not to disturb the staff and not to make problems?

4. Is the managers' behavior with the staff supportive and friendly?

5. Is the staff interested in their occupations?

6. Do managers and staff behave formally with each other?

7. Is the managers' work method taken as good examples?

8. Do the managers direct the staff ignoring the staffs' ideas?

The statistical samples that were chosen randomly include 262 employees out of 820 employed staff of Shahid Bahonar University. In order to get research aims, information and data were gathered using the Survey Research method and through the descriptive organizational climate questionnaire. However, only 218 questionnaires were applicable. For analyzing the data, descriptive and inferential statistics tables, T-Test, ANOVA, and Wilcoxon were used. The results show that organizational climate of Shahid Bahonar University is similar to the closed System of Andrew W. Halpin and Don B. Croft, two scholars in organizational climate who were of those who designed a questionnaire regarding the organizational climate, and is far behind the desired organizational climate of the staff.

* Key Words: Organizational Climate, Halpin and Croft model, Kerman Shahid Bahonar University

Each organization has its definite and relatively stable culture, manners, values, norms and procedures. This culture or character that permits us to differentiate one organization from another is called organizational climate. (1)

The organizational climate refers to all the inner conditions of the organization. In other words, the organizational climate consists of a set of characteristics observed by the personnel. It describes an organization, differentiates an organization from others, is relatively constant in passing of time, and the individuals are affected and guided by it. (2)

Some of the characteristics of the organizational climate which are obtained through diverse researches are as follows:

* The extent of the individual independence given to the personnel

* The extent of determining the communicational goals, rules and procedures by the supervisors for the subordinates.

* The rewarded (encouraged) behaviors by the organization and the kinds of the suggested rewards.

* The consideration, intimacy and support of the subordinates by the supervisors.

* The extent of conflict and its method of administration. (3)

According to the structural approach, different aspects of organization such as the organization size, the extent of centralization in decision making, the number of levels in the hierarchy, the nature of technology and the scope that determines the behavioral policies, are effective in determining and forming the diverse organizational climates.

In other words, according to this approach, the organizational structure plays a basic role in the formation of the organizational climate independent of the perceptions of the personnel.

In the perceptual approach the organizational climate is dependent on the perceptions of the personnel. And these perceptions are affected by the external and internal factors. In this approach the individual understands the organizational situations and then creates an abstract or psychological sample of the "climate."

In the "interactional" approach, the organizational climate is the product of the interaction of the personnel and the organizational situations. This approach, considers the organizational climate as the product of the personality characteristics and the structural elements of the organization. …

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