Academic journal article College Student Journal

Implementing Panacea for Admission Crisis into Nigerian Universities: An Innovation Diffusion Plan

Academic journal article College Student Journal

Implementing Panacea for Admission Crisis into Nigerian Universities: An Innovation Diffusion Plan

Article excerpt

In this paper, the authors critically examined the problems of admission into Nigeria Universities; and expressed the view that about seventy percent of Nigerians are not aware of the essence of the present system of education, which is geared towards producing individuals with adequate knowledge and skills needed for self-reliance or employment on graduation from secondary school. Consequently, most parents and students still lust for the academic type or university education, hence the serious problem of admission into Nigeria Universities. Solutions to the problems of admission were accordingly proffered and innovation diffusion plan used to implement the suggested solutions.

INTRODUCTION

Education is an important instrument for the development of the individual and the society as it is a weapon against poverty, illiteracy and disease. Butts (1955) defined education as a deliberate, planful, conscious and directed process where by people can learn their culture and participate in it effectively. As a process, education involves the development of the individual at various levels of educational institutions or formal school systems. Education is associated with a number of values-literacy, knowledge, good moral upbringing or behaviour and good citizenship (amadi, 1998). Speaking on the positive role of education in nation building, Disreali (1874) asserted: "upon the education of the people of this country, the fate of this country depends".

In Nigeria, the importance of education in the development of the individual and the nation is highly recognized. According to the Federal Government of Nigeria, as reflected in the National Policy on Education (NPE, 1981), "Education is an instrument par excellence for effecting national development". Consequently parents are extremely desirous of giving qualitative education to their children by sending them to the university, the highest educational institution in the world. The lust for university education in Nigeria is manifested by the increasing number of candidates who seek admission into Nigeria universities, through the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), for three consecutive years, as shown in table 1.

The strong desire for university education in Nigeria these days could be attributed to the:

(i) erroneous believe that one without a university degree is not educated;

(ii) fact that university graduates in Nigeria command high degree of respects; and

(iii) bright prospect for university graduates in the society if they are fortunate to secure a sinecure job.

The Federal Government of Nigeria in order to make education relevant to the needs and aspirations of the people and bring about the desire development, reviewed her educational system by introducing the 6-3-3-4 system of education. By this system, six years is spent in primary school, three years in junior and senior secondary schools, and four years in the university. The secondary school curriculum is diversified, both academic and vocational, and is aimed at producing individuals who would be self reliant or self employed on graduation. In order words, the present system of education is aimed at solving unemployment problem, reducing rural-urban drift and inculcating in the youths the spirit of dignity of labour; and thus reduce the desire for white-collar job.

The three years junior secondary school is terminal and preparatory. It is terminal for those majorities who would not be able to go beyond that level of secondary education; and preparatory for those who will be able and willing to have a complete six years secondary education (NPE 1981). The curriculum for secondary school is therefore both academic and vocational and basic subjects, which will enable the pupils, acquire further knowledge and skills are taught. Students, on graduation from the junior secondary school are expected to go on to an apprenticeship system or some other scheme for out-of school vocational training (NPE 1981). …

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