Academic journal article Journal of Accountancy

Value-Added Payment Receipt Not Deferral

Academic journal article Journal of Accountancy

Value-Added Payment Receipt Not Deferral

Article excerpt

The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the Tax Court's decision that when a cooperative makes "value-added" payments to its members and allows them to defer the cash receipts, such payments do not constitute a deferral for tax purposes. In a case argued before the Eighth Circuit, a cooperative had made discretionary yearend, value-added payments based upon its net proceeds, which were determined after its September 30 yearend.

Keith Scherbart, a calendar-year taxpayer, was a corn farmer who belonged to the Minnesota Corn Processor cooperative (MCP), a fiscal-year entity During the calendar year, Scherbart delivered corn three times to MCE which processed the corn and sold it to third parties. MCP paid Scherbart upon delivery In addition, when the fiscal year ended, MCP made value-added payments to its members. Members could elect to receive payment in November of the current year or January of the following year. Scherbart deferred and included the payments in his taxable income for the following year. The IRS disallowed the deferral and assessed a deficiency. The Tax Court (TC Memo 2004-143) held for the IRS.

Result. For the IRS. Scherbart argued that the corn sales qualified as installment sales between him and third parties. He maintained that the transactions were a deferral because MCP required members to select their own payment option. The Tax Court held that MCP was Scherbart's agent; thus the date that MCP received the payments for the corn was the date Scherbart received them. …

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