Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Improvements in Competitive Swimming Performance Following a Season of High Volume Training

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Improvements in Competitive Swimming Performance Following a Season of High Volume Training

Article excerpt

Competitive swimmers in elite training programs have been challenged with high aerobic training volumes characterized in the literature as excessive, as a cause of depletion of energy reserves needed for nonoxidative energy production and detrimental to performances. Our hypothesis was that following a period of high volume training, a reduction in volume would result in recovery of nonoxidative energy production capacity as well significant improvement in swimming performance. Informed consent was obtained from a cohort of 12 female high school freshman swimmers (M [+ or -] SE) age = 13.9 [+ or -] .7 years with a documented history of 3 years of training 315 [+ or -] 23.5 min x [week.sup.-1] prior to initiating their first season of high volume training. Following 6 weeks of preseason water and weight training the participants initiated a water training program where the daily training volume was increased from 6 to 13 k x [d.sup.-1] during a 6-week period with 11 to 13 k x [d.sup.-1] being maintained for a peak training period (PT) of 10 weeks. PT was followed by 3-4 weeks of progressively decreased training (DETR). The swimmers' 50, 100, and 200 yard freestyle best times were recorded from the previous season's best meet results and from meet results following DETR and transformed to average velocities per lap (m x [s. …

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