Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Decreasing Elevator Travel in Women Using Sign Prompts Encouraging Stair Use

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Decreasing Elevator Travel in Women Using Sign Prompts Encouraging Stair Use

Article excerpt

Much research has been published examining ways to increase stair use and decrease elevator/escalator use. Many of these studies used a point-of-choice prompt encouraging stair use. Conducted in community settings, such as shopping malls, train stations, and airports, few studies have been carried out in a university academic building. Findings are also mixed as to how women are affected. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine if motivational signs, placed at strategic locations throughout an academic building, would decrease elevator usage among women. The study also sought to examine whether signs placed at locations other than those at the point-of-choice would be more recognizable. Trained observers counted the number of women entering and exiting the elevator on the first floor, and categorize them by direction of travel, race/ethnicity, and weight. Any woman carrying a heavy load, accompanied by children, or physically handicapped were not counted. There was a 2-week baseline period, followed by a 2-week intervention period using signs placed throughout the building. The signs were then removed for a 1-week follow-up. Data were collected 4 days each week at 2-hr intervals. During follow-up, 61 women were given an eight-item survey regarding elevator use, and their recall of intervention components. A total of 951 women meeting inclusion criteria were observed using the elevator over the 5-week period of observations. …

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