Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exploring Perceptual Gender Differences toward Lifetime Fitness and Wellness Classes among College Students

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exploring Perceptual Gender Differences toward Lifetime Fitness and Wellness Classes among College Students

Article excerpt

As individuals in our society engage in fitness or physical activities for various reasons (Wooledge, Screws, & Shorter, 2002), gender has been an essential variable to test different motivational patterns toward fitness activities (Gill, 1992). Are women similar to men regarding reasons for attending lifetime fitness and wellness classes in higher education? Research concerning gender difference is necessary to address this question. The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences regarding motivation for attending lifetime fitness and wellness classes among college students. A total of 255 currently enrolled college students (men = 95, women = 160) voluntarily participated in the study. A 13-item Student Motivation Scale (SMS) addressing three factors (Knowledge, Enjoyment/confidence, and Socialization) with acceptable validity and reliability was distributed to voluntary participants during the last week of spring semester 2006. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to test independent variable of gender. The MANOVA revealed a significant (Lambda = .951, p < .01) difference in the mean vector of three motivational factors. A follow-up univariate test explored that significant differences existed in the factors of Enjoyment/Confidence (F = 4. …

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