Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health Care Providers and Intimate Partner Violence: Attitudes Beliefs and Education

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health Care Providers and Intimate Partner Violence: Attitudes Beliefs and Education

Article excerpt

Nonfatal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) victimizations against women occur in 5 to 6 million intimate relationships yearly in the United States. Violence may be physical, sexual or psychological. The physician-patient relationship is viewed as an avenue of addressing violence against women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between health care workers' attitudes about female victims of abuse, and the providers' education pertaining to IPV. The Physician's Beliefs about Victims of Spouse Abuse Scale instrument provided by Garimella et al., 2000 served as the template for this study. Attitude questions were measured on a 5-point Likert-type scale. Cronbach's alpha for the attitude scale was .83. Three attitude sets were defined for analysis: (a) overall attitude, (b) victim blaming attitude, and (c) attitude about the role of the provider in the intimate relationships of the patient. Five education categories were defined: (a) preservice education, (b) inservice education, (c) the providers' current practice setting, (d) continuing education, and (e) self-directed education. 166 surveys were distributed among 16 medical clinics. Seventy-one instruments were returned (RR 42%, N = 71). Demographic variables of interest were health care providers' gender (48% women), age (M age = 47.7 years, SD 10.24), medical specialty (49% Family Practice, 18% Ob/Gyn, 4% Pediatrics), and clinical degrees (62% Medical Doctors, 8% Physician Assistants, 20% Nurse Practitioners). …

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