Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Parental Role in Reducing Television Viewing in Kindergartners: Findings from a National Study

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Parental Role in Reducing Television Viewing in Kindergartners: Findings from a National Study

Article excerpt

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends parents limit their children to a maximum of 2 hr of TV per day. Recent data suggest young children are exposed more than 3 hr. Excessive TV viewing is shown to increase a child's risk for obesity, attention deficit disorder, and propensity for violence. To effectively reduce TV viewing it is crucial to use an ecological framework to identify modifiable individual, social, and environmental factors related to excessive viewing. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of TV viewing in a sample of young children. Data analyzed were 4,880 boys and 5,028 girls from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class. Two multilevel regression analyses were specified for boys and girls, separately. The dependent variables were TV time during weekdays and weekends. The predictor variables at the first level were: Child--body mass index status, ethnicity, physical activity, motor skills; Parent--education, hours worked, socioeconomic quintiles; and Household--TV rules, family activities. Predicator variables at the second level were Neighborhood--safety, social disorder and physical deterioration. At the individual level, boys of African American (.27 hr) and Hispanic (.13 hr) origin watched significantly more TV on weekdays in comparison to their White peers. Only African American boys (1. …

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